The Making of Indigeneity: a Study of Indigenous Representation in Peru

Tobias Gandrup & Line Jespersgaard Jakobsen

Student thesis: Termpaper


This project is set out to analyse the negotiation of indigeneity. This will be done by unfolding the semiotic practices of two organisations that represents indigenous interests in contemporary Peruvian politics. It examines the rise of the term indigeneity in international politics through the emergence of an international framework and asks to how this has shaped political possibilities for the local indigenous organisations to represent the indigenous interests. The analysis shows that the indigenous identities and their history are deployed as narratives to position the indigenous organisation in the political arena. The main finding is that the field of representation is a space where the boundaries of what is associated with the indigenous culture and identity are negotiated. The image that appears is that indigenous peoples are characterised by being culturally distinct from the rest of society, being closely attached to territory, and have a history of marginalisation and oppression. The point of departure of this study is a controversial agreement between the Peruvian indigenous organisation AIDESEP and the Brazilian oil company PetroBras, which made the negotiation of indigeneity visible.

EducationsGlobal Studies, (Bachelor/Graduate Programme) Undergraduate or graduate
Publication date24 Jan 2013
SupervisorsTobias Hagmann


  • Indigeneity
  • Peru