The EU and Balancing - The 2004 Enlargement in a Different Light

Katrine Thorhauge Christensen, Stefanie Møllegaard Nielsen & Oliver Heinisch Schou

Student thesis: Termpaper


This project rests on the assumption that the Cold War is still relevant in international politics today. The latest development in Ukraine is an example of this - the EU and Russia is fighting for influence in a state that is not part of either of their territory. This project focuses on the 2004 enlargement of the European Union (EU). The theoretical frame of this project is based on the book “Theory of International Politics” by the neo-realist Kenneth Waltz. The EU is treated as an actor with state-like features, since the theory primarily focuses on state behaviour. With the theory in mind, the aim of this project is to trace balancing tendencies in relation to the 2004 enlargement. The primary data of the analysis consists of official EU documents from 1992-2004, which are all connected to the enlargement. Consequently, the focus is primarily on the EU. The analysis is structured through coding inspired by the capabilities that Waltz has established, and each of the coding themes is linked with a hypothesis. In this project, the analysis therefore looks for balancing tendencies in the following themes: people and territory, security, political stability and economy. The result of this analysis is that balancing tendencies can be traced in all four areas. These findings are further developed in a discussion that traces the perspectives from the analysis in the period after 2004.

EducationsGlobal Studies, (Bachelor/Graduate Programme) Undergraduate or graduate
Publication date18 Dec 2013
SupervisorsMichael Friederich Kluth


  • EU
  • Balancing
  • European Union
  • 2004
  • Ukraine
  • Kaliningrad
  • Enlargement
  • Russia
  • Waltz