The challenges and opportunities for organising labour in the Kenyan flower industry

Kristian Bruun Andersen & Selina Omwaka Wambutsi

Student thesis: Termpaper


This project analyses the Kenyan flower industry and ability for labour to organise. The study outlines the pre-conditions, challenges and opportunities when organising labour in the Kenyan flower industry. The pre-conditions will be outlined by describing the development of the industry and mapping the actors. This will form the basis for uncovering the challenges and opportunities through two complementary analyses: Resource mobilisation theory, which illuminates the resources available for labour and what alliances they can form; and global value chain analysis, which uncovers the governance structure in the Kenyan flower industry and how that impact the power relations and the ability for labour to organise. The resource mobilisation analysis shows that labour has some tangible and intangible resources, but severely lacks others. The global value chain analysis illuminates a tendency towards a greater degree of power asymmetry in the Kenyan flower value chain. Both analyses reveal the challenges and opportunities that these conditions and trends pose. Finally, the project discusses the limitations of the approaches chosen and seeks to overcome those by relating the findings to Harvey’s critique of neoliberalism.

EducationsGlobal Studies, (Bachelor/Graduate Programme) Undergraduate or graduate
Publication date8 Jan 2014
SupervisorsLone Riisgaard


  • global value chain
  • labour