Strategic Relations between the Municipality and Social Enterprises in Copenhagen

Elisabeth Ringgaard, Kasper Werge, Rikke Hansen, Anne-Sofie Koch & Cecilie Gad

Student thesis: Master programme paper


This project examines the institutional field of collaboration between the Municipality of Copenhagen and six social enterprises placed in the Copenhagen area. The project's theoretical point of departure is set within institutional theory, more precisely DiMaggio & Powell's writings on institutional isomorphism, as well as Christine Oliver's theory of strategic responses to institutional pressures. The project investigates which challenges arises in the collaboration between the Municipality of Copenhagen and the social enterprises, and how this can be seen as tendencies towards institutional isomorphism. It was found that institutional isomorphism is at play in the collaboration between the two agents, but that the social enterprises strategically are able to react in an active manner to the municipal pressures in other ways than to succumb to the structures of the field.

Educations, (Master) Master
Publication date18 Dec 2013


  • Determinism
  • Strategic Responses
  • Municipality of Copenhagen
  • Collaboration
  • Isomorphism
  • Strategic Relation
  • Social enterprise