Sociale og praktiske fællesskaber - et blik på bofællesskaber og boligplanlægning i dag

Line Valdorff Madsen

Student thesis: Master thesis

Abstract

This master’s thesis studies experiences with co-housing in relation to the Danish social housing sector and planning in general. The focal point of the examination is the lived experiences of co-housing residents. I have collected these experiences through qualitative interviews, inspired by phenomenological theory, with the aim of extracting meaning from subjective life-world narratives. Furthermore a point of departure of the thesis has been a critical view, with roots in critical geography, on ideals of housing, family life and the discourses of planning in relation to this. Overall the interviewed residents express positive experiences with living in co-housing. One central conclusion is that co-housing offers, for the interviewees, an alternative way of practising their everyday life, as the everyday life in the examined co-housing is structured around practising everyday routines jointly. The most central one of these joint everyday routines is the common meal, which can be said to form a meeting point in the everyday life. The social life of the communities is said to be the most important thing and the main reason for living in co-housing. Another central conclusion is that co-housing constitutes a practical as well as social community and that the practical everyday routines and social life in the communities are very much related and as such produced in a dialectical way. A central perspective on the co-housing communities is that they balance on a fine line between privacy and community in the spatiality of the everyday. Co-housing offers, for the residents, a duality in everyday life, which contains privacy as well as community. This understanding of co-housing as ‘produced communities’ is related to Lefebvres spatial concept of the ‘production of space’ and Doreen Masseys notion of ‘sense of place’. Theoretical perspectives on community, home and place are furthermore used to grasp a deeper understanding of the empirical narratives. The narratives on everyday life in co-housing are argued to be of relevance for planning of housing within the Danish social housing sector. With Leonie Sandercock’s perspective on planning it is argued that individual narratives contain a meaning and value that can qualify planning practice. The social housing sector has an aim of providing housing to a broad spectre of residents. The co-housing experiences of the interviewees are positive, and alternative, everyday experiences that can inspire planning of housing to be more diverse – in the light of a dominating ideal of housing being single-family housing – and as such it is argued that these kind of experiences can qualify a planning for difference.

EducationsPlanning Studies, (Bachelor/Graduate Programme) GraduateGeography, (Bachelor/Graduate Programme) Graduate
LanguageDanish
Publication date1 Nov 2012
SupervisorsLasse Martin Koefoed & Carsten Schjøtt Philipsen

Keywords

  • cohousing
  • housing
  • bofællesskaber
  • fællesskab
  • everyday life
  • social housing
  • hverdagsliv
  • planlægning
  • community
  • boligplanlægning
  • planning
  • den almene boligsektor
  • almene boliger