This paper examines how the contemporary mass migration came to be constructed as a problem of human smuggling through a change in discourse in the period of 2009-2017. Furthermore, it investigates how the change in discourse from why people migrate to how people migrate. Through a content analysis of specifically selected words, we argue, there is an increased frequency and connectedness, in negatively connotated words and migration. Additionally, a critical discourse analysis of the data derived from the content analysis, EU policies, along with securitization theory of Ole Wæver and Anti-immigrantism of Roxanne Doty, proves a clear contextual link between the discourse of elites, EU policies implemented and the increased problematization of human smugglers, in the discourse of contemporary migration. This paper goes into depth analyzing the European discourse of the circumstances of the migration of 2009-2017, which results in an increasingly problematization of migrants and their negative effects on European societies in regard to economically and security related issues. As this project presents a clear change in discourse, from why people migrate to how people migrate, it becomes apparent that the construction of the mass migration as a problem of human smuggling is made possible by newly introduced policies and discourse-control by the elites.
|Educations||International Studies, (Bachelor/Graduate Programme) Bachelor|
|Publication date||29 May 2017|
|Number of pages||57|
|Supervisors||Line Engbo Gissel|
- Human Smuggling
- Migration Crisis
- Critical Discourse Analysis