Results-Based Financing - A new development modality with new challenges?

Martine Amalie Krog, Andrea Margrethe Dragsdahl, Alberte Bau Larsen & Cornelius Vincent Bøgelund Andersen

Student thesis: Subject Module Project


The purpose of this study is to investigate the challenges of a new modality within foreign aid; Results-Based Financing (RBF). To do so, this report is a case study on Norway’s RBF project in Tanzania and examines the challenges and disagreements taking place upon the implementation of RBF. The study examines RBF by analysing the partnership between Norway and Tanzania, in order to uncover whether RBF is a sustainable new modality for aid, and which challenges should be considered prior to implementation. In order to uncover any challenges, the post-development theory and the theoretical foundation of RBF is used to analyse the implementation process of Norway’s project in Tanzania. The analysis is based upon various empirical data as well as two elite-interviews with Professor Victor Chimhutu and Policy Director at Norad, Ingvar Olsen. We have found that the partnership has led to consequences on the allocation of responsibilities and disagreements as to the extent donor and recipient actors should be included in the process. The report further finds that the challenges which have occurred as a result of the partnership between Norad and Tanzania are rather ideological and involve disagreements on responsibility and inclusion. The challenges arising as consequences of RBF as a concept can be characterized as practical issues such as over-reporting, transferring resources from health services to administrative tasks and giving a lower priority to non-targeted services.

EducationsInternational Studies, (Bachelor/Graduate Programme) Bachelor
Publication date27 May 2017
Number of pages54
SupervisorsJohanna Hood


  • rbf
  • results-based financing
  • tanzania
  • norad
  • development
  • aid