Refugee Camps - Exclusionary or inclusionary?

Stine Delfs Krarup Møller Larsen, Søren Vilhelmsen, Thor Kjer-Kristiansen & Cenia Guldstrand

Student thesis: Project on Graduate Program


The dominant academic literature on the subject of refugee policy and facilitation of refugee centers is exclusionary. This creates an interesting question about whether this tendency reflects the actual facilitation of refugee centers.

Because of the limitations in time and extent of this project it is not possible to look at the refugee centers in the entire world. Instead, a few countries are chosen as cases, in order to make a thorough analysis and go into detail with certain aspects relevant to define refugee policies and facilitation of refugee centers as either exclusionary or inclusionary. The three cases chosen are Jordan, Greece and Hungary because they have many things in common yet seem different in their approaches towards refugee policy.

In order to determine what characteristics constitutes exclusionary and inclusionary policies, the theorists Michel Agier and Rose Jaji are used to define exclusion while Alexander Betts and Paul Collier provides a suggestion to a more inclusionary approach regarding refugee policy. Furthermore, Gerard Delanty’s model ‘the dimensions of European borders’ is used to understand border policies and as inspiration to develop a new model illustrating differences between exclusion and inclusion.   

The findings of this project concludes that the dominance of exclusionary theories in fact do reflect the actual facilitation of refugee centers in the chosen cases. While the cases differ in the practical application of inclusionary and exclusionary methods, the result is conclusively that the exclusionary methods heavily outweighs the inclusionary methods. Hungary and Greece are heavily influenced by exclusion, while Jordan stands out by being focused on inclusionary approaches. There are also signs of an evolution in the trend of refugee camps, moving from an inclusionary to an exclusionary approach.

EducationsCultural Encounter, (Bachelor/Graduate Programme) Graduate
Publication date19 Dec 2017
Number of pages73
SupervisorsSteve Niva