Ordkrig i fredens tegn

Susan Flyger, Mikkel Carlsen, Jonas Del Pin Hamilton, Emil Rasmus Nielsen, Claus Vieira Andersen & Anders Emil Humle

Student thesis: Termpaper

Abstract

Projektet undersøger Obamas forelæsning ved modtagelsen af Nobels Fredspris. I projektet anvendes Norman Faircloughs kritiske diskursanalyse kombineret med George Lakoffs metaforteori. Som supplerende analyseværktøjer inddrages Stephen Toulmins argumentmodel, samt begrebet modalitet. Foruden forelæsningens sproglige udformning diskuteres dens formodede indflydelse, på just war-diskursen. I sammenhæng med dette begreb præsenteres just war-teoretikerne Michael Walzer og Jeff McMahan. Projektets analytiske afsnit er inddelt i to; en diskursiv og en argumentatorisk. Fra førstnævnte udledes tre oppositionsled, der benyttes videre i den argumentatoriske analyse som belæg for påstanden om at krig nogle gange kan være retfærdig. Oven på de analytiske afsnit konkluderes det via Faircloughs teori at Obamas forelæsning både fungerer som reproduktion og transformation af just war-diskursen, og projektet afrundes med refleksioner over de hypotetiske perspektiver heri. Present project investigates Barack Obama’s Nobel Prize lecture. This investigation is carried out through the use of a theoretical framework that combines Norman Fairclough’s theory on critical discourse analysis with George Lakoff’s theory on metaphors and framing. As supplementary analysis tools, Stephen Toulmin’s argument model and the concept of modality are applied. Aside from the content of the lecture, it’s presumed consequence is discussed using the concept of just war, and the views of Michael Walzer and Jeff McMahan, two prominent thinkers in the field, are presented. The core of the project consists of two different analyses, the first of which focuses on discourses. This analysis aims at drawing up essential themes, and characterizes the lecture as ambiguous and encompassing conflicts. The potential reasons for these conflicts are touched upon in a characterization of the specific settings that surround the lecture. The second analysis describes the progression in Obama’s string of arguments which among other things are based on claims regarding human nature, the importance of institutions, and the vital role of promotion of democratic rights. This progression ends up in the main claim that war can sometimes be justified. Following the analysis chapters are conclusions on the lecture’s reproduction and transformation of the just war discourse, and the project is rounded off with reflections on the theoretical perspectives on this regard.

EducationsBasic - Bachelor Study Programme in Humanities, (Bachelor Programme) Basic
LanguageDanish
Publication date19 Jun 2010

Keywords

  • Analyse
  • Fredspristale
  • Obama
  • Nobel
  • Barack
  • Fredspris
  • Diskursanalyse
  • Fairclough
  • Nobels