Nation Building: Rwanda's Road To Development

Danny Berntsen Hyld, Sara Sharkira Sodhi, Kristina Samoskaite & Cecilie Debiteh Dimma Nielsen

Student thesis: Subject Module Project


This paper examines the rebuilding of Rwanda as a nation, and how this can be understood through Biopolitics. Rwanda has a very violent past due to the 100 days of Genocide in 1994, which is why we will provide with a recap on the history before, during and after the genocide and how it relates to the law of Age of Consent and. Through a poststructuralist approach, we have made an analysis of the reconciliation and rebuilding through the Age of Consent, Female empowerment, Aid, Gacaca courts and Ingando camp. We view it through a Bio political lens, originated from Michel Foucault. Finally, we have discussed the importance of these steps to create a new national identity and whether President Paul Kagame and the government, through these steps help to form a new and financially independent country, and prevent another revolution in the future.
Our studies have revealed that the Rwandan government is ruling the country with a firm hand that represses their people to a degree, where Western scholars worry that Rwanda might move into a new genocide eventually, due to the big majority of Hutu, who are discontent under a Tutsi power.
While on the other hand, the country is blooming with a GNI raised to almost the double amount within 10 years, along with the country having achieved a remarkable development concerning gender equality. Thus it is reasonable to assume that even though the regime might not be the most preferable in a Western perspective, it seems the governance of Rwanda, is working for them.

EducationsInternational Studies, (Bachelor/Graduate Programme) Bachelor
Publication date25 May 2016
Number of pages55
SupervisorsJacob Rasmussen