Mellem diplomati og bestikkelse: Metoder og strategier for det engelske østindiske kompagnis etablering i Indien

Rasmus Birch

Student thesis: Termpaper

Abstract

This paper examines the establishment of the English east India Company in the 15 century and the strategic and methodical approaches to the trade in India and to the meeting with other cultural habits foreign to the Englishmen. By examining letters and other documents it is established that the English didn’t have the money and the power of weapon that the Portuguese and the Dutch possessed. But instead the English east India Company worked out a strategy that involved direct diplomacy with local Mogul leaders and bribery to local governors. The English intended to secure a safe place for trading and did this by diplomacy conducted by Thomas Roe. The diplomacy was further strengthened by the Company using its fleet to transport goods for the Mogul empire and by securing the important Surat harbour, where the company had established its factory and by fighting attacking Portuguese vessels. At the same time the Company developed a fast and smooth system of communication, by land and sea, which made the communication between the Company’s head office in London and the local trading factories easier. By using a strategy based on diplomacy and bribery, the English had to be very keen on how they acted in the public and they made great effort to secure their rumour and by making sure that they were not mistaking to the Dutch who were more vicious in their dealing with the locals. The English east India Company succeed in their strategy, and by 1661, the charter of the Company was extended to secure all possessions in India by force and this laid the ground for the English imperial power in India. The trade of the English east India Company and the other European trading companies in Asia ended in a multilateral network of dependences and relations and combined with the English Company’s fast and smooth communication, creates a picture of a global world order, which can be seen as an equivalent of the modern globalisation.

EducationsHistory, (Bachelor/Graduate Programme) Basic
LanguageDanish
Publication date26 May 2011
SupervisorsMichael Harbsmeier

Keywords

  • Strategy
  • East india company