Karenni Refugees - A Field Study on Prospects for Repatriation

Christel Margrethe Mattsson, Tomas Lodberg Kjær & Svend Ehrenreich Thomsen

Student thesis: Bachelor project

Abstract

After the independence of Burma in 1947, the country’s ethnic minorities experienced numerous human right violations as a consequence of conflict and incompatible visions of the country between minority ethnic groups and successive military governments. A conflict that has caused displacement of over 100.000 people, currently living in refuge on the Thai-Burma border. One of these ethnic minorities is the Karenni people, for which roughly 10.000 are displaced at the Ban Nai Mai Soi camp in Northern Thailand. The primary aim for this project is to identify the prospects for repatriation, specifically of the Karenni refugees. Through the collection of qualitative data from the Ban Mai Nai Soi camp, the grievances of the Karenni refugees have been established to specify said prospects. This project concludes that the likelihood of such action is dependent on the fragile peace process inside Burma, as well as the government's capability to accommodate the grievances of the refugees. Meanwhile, the recent democratic transition in Burma, the international community’s perception of the situation is causing funding shortfalls for both the camp and institutions outside. Ultimately, creating a pressure for the refugees to consider repatriation, despite their impression of the country not being ready for return.

EducationsBasic - Bachelor Study Program in Social Science, (Bachelor Programme) Bachelor
LanguageEnglish
Publication date28 May 2017
SupervisorsKristine Juul