The Battle Against Monopolization - The European Commission Versus Google

Rikke Michaelsen, Stine Howard Christensen, Tira Høver Petersen, Oliver Damgaard-Olesen, Rasmus Normann de Boer & Andreas Kriegbaum Søgaard Jensen

Student thesis: Basic Project


With Google arguably being one of the most, if not the most present tech behemoth on the global market, serious concerns about their dominance arise in the worlds institutions. The enormous presence of the company puts institutions like the European Union (EU) in a profoundly difficult position, and the question for them emerges:
How and to what extent should they regulate and control companies that gallop toward a monopoly-like looking agenda? This question is difficult because of the complexity of the EU since it is in a position where it must please the member states while still trying to remain dominant as an institution on the scale of similar ones. In July of 2018, the European Commission (EC) fined Google a massive 4.34 billion euros - the largest fine ever imposed by the institution. To understand the process of the decision, two aspects are essential to analyse: The workings of the union as well as an analysis of the decision-making process. Using the integration theories of neofunctionalism, liberal intergovernmentalism as well as a theoretical understanding of multi-level governance, the report will include an analytic description of the EU. The achievement will be a comprehensive understanding of how the union acts. With the final policy analysis, the two analytical segments will work together to compose a conclusion: The EU works on a multi-level scale wherein the EC works as the executive branch on the supranational level. Though this is the case, the pressure from the member states is still present. The Google fine is – in the view of the EU – an expression of defending the internal market from foreign monopolistic threats through law enforcement in the competitive sector. It therefore serves as being favor of internal actors inside the union and the decision is therefore concluded to be in the member states’ interest.

EducationsBasic - Bachelor Study Program in Social Science, (Bachelor Programme) Basic
Publication date17 Dec 2018
Number of pages67
SupervisorsKasper Bering Liisberg