This study investigates how the Iranian regime managed to maintain its power since the Islamic Revolution in 1979 and still manages to do so today. The study examines how political legitimacy has changed from charismatic authority under the rule of Ayatollah Khomeini to traditional authority under the rule of Ayatollah Khamenei. Khamenei lacked charisma and religious legitimacy therefore Khamenei used The Revolutionary Guard and Basij to maintain the political legitimacy of the Iranian regime. Consequently, The Revolutionary Guard and Basij increased their political involvement and the units had the power to suppress opponents of the regime. In that sense some might argue that the Iranian regime has turned into a police state. Furthermore, the study investigates how the Iranian regime used suppression in form of violence and online approaches as a means to maintain the power of the Iranian regime when Green Movement started their protests against the regime. In conclusion the study examines how the regime uses ideological manipulation and control to maintain the power. It comes to terms through the recruitment of new members to the Basij unit as well as through the indoctrination of the regimes political and ideological principles which is part of the Basij’s training camps. Basij is an omnipresent unit and it’s the voice of the regime. To sum up, this study shows that both suppression and ideological manipulation are elements which the Iranian regime uses to legitimate the power of the regime.
|Educations||Basic - Bachelor Study Program in Social Science, (Bachelor Programme) Basic|
|Publication date||18 Dec 2018|
|Number of pages||32|
|Supervisors||Gorm Rye Olsen|