How is a scientific article structured? Focusing on two significant articles regarding DNA

Susanne Enig, Niclas Helge Ulla Nilsson, Isabella Maria Thorsø Nielsen, Eimear Eichstedlund de Búrca, Sara Willum Bro & Magnus Skjold Frederiksen

Student thesis: Basic Project

Abstract

The following project regards the structure of a scientific article. A theory section explains
which factors influence the articles structure. These factors are presented as a guideline and
are the basis of the project’s analysis of two articles. Furthermore, it is explained which elements an article should contain. These will be used for the analysis of two articles within the
same field; DNA. The chosen articles are; “Studies on the Chemical Nature of the Substance
Inducing Transformation of Pneumococcal Types” by Oswald Avery, Colin MacLeod and
Maclyn McCarty in 1944 and “Molecular Structure of Nucleic Acid” by James Watson and
Francis Crick in 1953. Watson and Crick received a Nobel prize in 1962 whereas Avery never
received one - the reasons for this will be discussed. Toulmin’s model of argumentation is
used to analyse the main subjects of both articles. It is concluded that there is no concrete
connection between writing a proper article and it receiving recognition. Furthermore, there
are many factors that influence whether an author receives a Nobel prize. Additionally, it is
concluded that it is less important to write a proper article, if it regards a groundbreaking
discovery. The audience for the project is the individuals that are interested in learning about
what an article should contain and how to structure it.

EducationsBasic - Bachelor Study Program in Natural Science, (Bachelor Programme) Basic
LanguageDanish
Publication date17 Dec 2018
Number of pages37
SupervisorsPeter Kamp Busk