This project examines violence and masculinity and combines these theoretical understandings in four narratives about violent men, and reflects on the implications for the violent man. The focus is on the man as the offender, and attempts to see all aspects of the man as not just the evil offender as portrayed in news and media, but to incorporate a more wholesome understanding of the dynamics he is under. The project uses social constructionism as an ontological and epistemological framework. It uses theory by Reawyn Connell and Kenneth Reinicke to understand the complexities of masculinity and theory by Per Isdal to provide an insight into violence, where he understands all violence as a response to the feeling of powerlessness. Through the combination of the project's theory and the empirical material the project shows which types of violence exist in the narratives. It demonstrates that the physical violence rarely stands alone but is often preceded and combined with other types of violence. The empirical material shows a stereotypical understanding of masculinity, where the man is described as powerful, both physically and in regards to expectations of authority in the relationships. It shows how the men is at the top of the hierarchy in most aspects, but that we see a connection between love (and other emotionally invested relationships) and the feeling of powerlessness, which seems harder to handle for the men, as they through their socialization are expected to be powerful. It reflects on why the coping mechanism of violence is especially used by men and how the socialization of men also plays a part in the development of this response. The project reflects on a paradox where the man not just has to fulfill the expectations of a classic hegemonic masculinity, but now also has to incorporate more emotional features, for example so that he can be a good father. Therefore the project considers the need for a new masculinity that can contain a man with both hard and soft traits. It further reflects on whether the violence is a conscious act, meaning to which degree the violent men have agency in the 'choosing' of the violence as response and whether the subject is determined by it's socialization or by it's individual conditions of life. It concludes, that there are both emotional and rational aspects of violence, but that the offender will always be responsible for the violence.
|Educations||Psychology, (Bachelor/Graduate Programme) Undergraduate or graduate|
|Publication date||19 May 2016|