The project is based on the fact that adolescent Danes have the record of drinking the largest amount of alcohol but also the record in drinking most often. This creates a problem within society, which through our area of problems leads to a problem caused by a lack of knowledge. In 2011 the legislation on adolescents being able to buy alcoholic beverages was changed, so that the bare minimum age required to buy alcoholic beverages containing an alcohol percentage above 16, 5% was raised to 18 years, acquiring alcoholic beverages under the before mentioned per cent, beer, cider etc., remained legal at the age of 16. In this project we’ve decided to examine the policy-process leading on up to the amendment. We have questioned whether it is the Danish alcohol culture or the legislation that creates the high level of alcohol usage by adolescents. Therefore we have decided that the problem statement should be based on the policy-process, which happened in 2011. With this project we want to create an in depth understanding of what has happened prior to the political decisions and why it is still legally possible to buy alcohol in the age of 16. It will be illustrated who affects the different stages of the policy-process and how it all together created the final result. The theoretical base of the project has been based on a politiological approach, which will go into depth with analysing and understand the technical term “Policy-Process”. It will be discussed whether it is the legislation or the Danish alcohol culture that has to be changed to bring down the alcohol usage amongst adolescents and also where the responsibility lies. The empirics used in the project has been collected through a telephone opinion interview, statistics, curriculum, the book “Alt om Sundhed” by Bente Klarlund and articles and documents that deals with the subject of our project. The empiric sources of the project will be addressed through opinion condensation and interpretation by using the inductive and deductive method. In the conclusion we have reached the reason as to why it was decided to not raise the legal age limit for buying softer alcohol beverages (below 16. 5%) to 18, and it will be discussed if it is the culture or the legislation that has the bigger impact on affecting the alcohol habits of adolescents. Due to a number of factors, such as the Danish alcohol culture, no one wanted to prevent adolescents from 16-17 years of age to consume softer alcoholic beverages, such as beer and cider. Therefore the law wasn’t changed so that all alcoholic purchases was 18 plus. In the analysis of the policy-process there was a large amount of factors that affected the decision process, as an example the different organizations that the politicians wanted responses from. These interests were also included. The project could also conclude that there are many different opinions on whether the age limit should be changed and whether it makes any difference in society if the age limit were to be changed. This also helps to the confusion, when there’s send a variety of signals to young people. There was a broad political consensus that it is not enough to either change the law or change the Danish alcohol culture, but these two factors should both change and strive towards reducing the Danish alcohol consumption within adolescents. There will be reflected on the choice of methods and the study program itself. This leads to an understanding of what it was like to create our project.
|Educations||Basic - Bachelor Study Program in Social Science, (Bachelor Programme) Basic|
|Publication date||21 Jan 2014|
|Supervisors||Jesper Visti Hansen|