Deleøkonomi: Løsning på transportsektorens udfordringer?

Morten Heile Hass

Student thesis: Master thesis

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to investigate the potential of sharing economy and its ability to remedy the problems of CO2-emissions, congestion, air pollution and space limitations. The study separates from earlier studies by working across studies, different sharing economy solutions and issues, and is supported by a questionnaire and interviews with key figures and planners regarding sharing economy and transport. The different kinds of solutions of sharing economy are: Station-based car-sharing, free-floating car-sharing, carpooling and private car hire. By considering the Copenhagen passenger transport system through the theory on socio-technical systems by Frank W. Geels, a lock-in towards the conventional car and the usage of this is identified. However, a possible transition is identified, as the relationship towards the car is different for younger generations. If the relationship can be maintained by covering the need of a car with the solutions of sharing economy, a potential transition can be forced, and a positive effect on the issues of transport can be found. However, the effect and potential differs from solution to solution.
The study shows a vast potential for wide-spread usage of station-based car-sharing based on the transport needs of both car- and non-car owners, and because of the prerequisites in comparison to successful car-sharing cities like Berlin and Zurich. However, it requires for the economic perception on cars to change from simply calculating its variable costs to include the total costs of the car. Otherwise it will always be the cheapest option to own a car. If this barrier can be overcome, station-based car-sharing contains great potential in reducing total CO2 emissions and to alleviate the space problems, but a limited potential regarding the effect on congestion and air pollution due to the low amount of car owners in Copenhagen who are using their car for commuting and their needs in terms of commuting distances. Free-floating car-sharing, by contrast, shows a limited potential, as they only fulfill a limited need of the car, while also having fierce competition from other modes of transport. However, they have potential synergies with station-based car-sharing, but are estimated to have lesser positive effects on the issues of transport. If carpooling can be applied in the commuting traffic, it holds major opportunities of resolving the issues of transport, but due to a lack of incentives for both providers and drivers, it will have difficulty transitioning from its current way of usage. Private car hire is a suitable and widely used method of improving the economy of owning a car, but as the service only applies to non-car owners it will have a negative effect on several of the issues of transport.

EducationsTekSam - Technological and Socio-Economic Planning, (Bachelor/Graduate Programme) Graduate
LanguageDanish
Publication date28 Jun 2016
Number of pages126
SupervisorsPer Homann Jespersen