Carl Schmitts kritik af den amerikanske universalisme - brud eller kontinuitet? Cal Schmitt's critique of American universalism

Farhiya Khalid, Magnus Sinding-Jensen & Caroline Wiencken

Student thesis: Termpaper


Carl Schmitt (1888 –1985) was a German jurist and political theorist. He is a major figure in 20th century legal and political theory, writing lengthily on the effective exertion of political power. This report seeks to understand and unfold the basis of Carl Schmitt’s critique of American universalism through his critique of the Versailles Treaty and the League of Nations after the First World War. The analysis of this project is three-parted. The first part unfolds Schmitt’s distinction between friend and enemy as an essential part of the concept of the political in addition to his critique of liberalism through his work The Concept of the Political (1927). Subsequently the report looks into Schmitt’s philosophy of history through his concept of land and sea as dialectic historical entities that have formed the order of the earth. This is done through his work Land and Sea (1942). Afterwards Schmitt’s critique of the Versailles Treaty and the League of Nations as the culprit in the overthrowing of the order of the earth and the transformation of war is analysed through his work The Nomos of the Earth in the International Law of the Jus Publicum Europaeum (1950). As a final point this report discusses whether Carl Schmitt’s critique of American universalism and his identification of earlier and future orders of the earth are signs of an ideological continuity or not.

EducationsHistory, (Bachelor/Graduate Programme) Undergraduate or graduate
Publication date23 Jun 2014


  • The Nomos of the Earth
  • Versailles Treaty
  • Universalism
  • First World War
  • League of Nations
  • Liberalism