In this project, we have investigated the economic advantages and barriers for having more academics employed in small- and medium sized enterprises. We start off by explaining how the job market for academics has developed since the 1970´s, before we analyze which advantages academics in SME´s can bring to the economy. In the end, we look at the barriers between the academics and the private job market, before we discuss and conclude on the results. Our empirical material consist of other investigations in to the effect of academic labor in SME´s, evaluations of the government programs ‘Isbryderordningen’ and ‘Videnpilotordningen’, and interviews with Kristina Falkvist from Akademikerkampagnen and Heike Hoffmann from Håndværksrådet. We conclude, that there has been a continuing development in the Danish job market for academics since 1970´s, where more and more academics have entered the job market. There has been a shift as well towards more employment in the private sector, so that they now almost are evenly dispersed between the private- and public jobs, with a political wish for this development to continue. Although several reports suggest that academics in SME´s equals growth in both employment and productivity, we find that these reports are heavily biased, and the evaluation of ‘Videnpilotordningen’ shows there is no statistical significant evidence of academics in SME´s boosting growth or productivity. However, we find that there is a small change in behavior from the SME´s, who are more likely to hire academic labor with wage subsidies. The economic perks in government programs, such as the before mentioned, therefore lies in the reduction of academic unemployment. Furthermore, we find that there are several barriers between the academics and SME´s in Denmark. Since there is no clear evidence to the positive effects of hiring an academic, SME´s are reluctant to do so, partly because of the huge salaries, they require, and partly because Danish SME´s traditionally has not done so, which means that it is new territory. As well, Danish graduates tend to stay in the major cities, which means there is a geographical barrier too, since some of the job openings are in rural- or provincial areas.
|Educations||, (Bachelor/Graduate Programme) Undergraduate or graduate|
|Publication date||27 May 2015|
- Job matching
- Human kapital
- Små- og mellemstore virksomheder