Zero expression of arguments in Old Danish

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    Abstract

    Old Scandinavian (represented here by Old Danish) allowed zero arguments (null-arguments) in any nominal (argument) position, that is: for NPs as subjects, objects and in PPs. In generative grammar, zero arguments are held to be variants of pronouns, but in this article, I shall claim that zero arguments in Scanic are semantically different from pronouns, and therefore pronouns and zero arguments are not variants. At one level, zero arguments and pronouns are similar with respect to function, namely to supply means for establishing co-reference in text; however, they are not semantically equivalent. By reducing these two categories to one single underlying category, such as pro, one would miss this point. On the contrary, zero arguments are arguably full-bodied signs with their own content, thus corresponding to Melčuk’s Zero Sign Introduction Principle.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalActa Linguistica Hafniensia: International Journal of Linguistics
    Volume44
    Issue number2
    Pages (from-to)169-191
    Number of pages23
    ISSN0374-0463
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

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