Zanzibaris or Amakhuwa? Sufi Networks in South Africa, Mozambique and the Indian Ocean

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Abstract

This article investigates the role of Sufi networks in keeping Durban's ‘Zanzibari’ community of African Muslims together and developing their response to social change and political developments from the 1950s to the post-apartheid period. It focuses on the importance of religion in giving meaning to notions of community, and discusses the importance of the Makua language in maintaining links with northern Mozambique and framing understandings of Islam. The transmission of ritual practices of the Rifaiyya, Qadiriyya, and Shadhiliyya Sufi brotherhoods is highlighted, as is the significance of Maputo as a node for such linkages. The article discusses change over time in notions of cosmopolitanism, diaspora, and belonging, and examines new types of interactions after 1994 between people identifying themselves as Amakhuwa in Durban and Mozambique.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of African History
Volume55
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)191-210
Number of pages19
ISSN0021-8537
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 May 2014

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