To what extent is social security spending associated with enhanced firm‐level performance? A case study of SMEs in Indonesia

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The relationship between social protection and enterprise performance is much debated in the literature, and evidence is particularly limited in the case of small and medium‐sized enterprises in developing economies. This paper examines how the provision of social security influenced business performance in Indonesia using census data from 2010 to 2014. We found that increased social security spending of 10 per cent is associated with a per‐worker revenue gain of up to 2 per cent. Moreover, profits did not decrease due to the increased social protection coverage, suggesting that increasing worker benefits may be a worthwhile business investment.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Labour Review
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)339-366
Publication statusPublished - 16 Sep 2020

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