The use of faba-bean cropping as a sustainable and energy saving technology: A new protein self-sufficiency opportunity for European agriculture?

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European agriculture relies on large amounts of imported protein fodder, primarily soya-beans, for livestock rearing from e.g. South and North America. This has severe social and environmental impacts, and require large amount of fossil fuel to cultivate, harvest and transport. This paper investigates how faba-beans - a leguminous crop able to fixate its own nitrogen through symbiosis with soil bacteria while providing various other Eco System Services - can be adopted, as a valuable crop by farmers in EU. This could substitute import of soya-bean for animal fodder, providing global savings in pesticide, artificial fertilizer and fossil energy usage. Emphasizing transition theory and e.g. farm machinery, culture and policies, we conclude, that activities must be applied at all levels of the agricultural system. New transition pathways are e.g. to strengthen farm networks to share knowledge and farm equipment for faba-bean cultivation, and to enhance the environmental regulation to limit the amount of artificial fertilizer distributed on farmland making legumes more valuable for farmers.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIOP Conference Series Earth and Environmental Science : 2019 3rd International Conference on Energy and Environmental Science 26–29 January 2019, Seoul, South Korea
Number of pages6
PublisherIOP Publishing
Publication date1 Jun 2019
Article number012049
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2019
Event5th International Conference on Renewable Energy Technologies : 2019 - Hotel Skypark Kingstown Dongdaermun, Seoul, Korea, Republic of
Duration: 26 Jan 201928 Jan 2019
Conference number: 5


Conference5th International Conference on Renewable Energy Technologies
LocationHotel Skypark Kingstown Dongdaermun
Country/TerritoryKorea, Republic of
Internet address
SeriesIOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Sciense

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