The smaller the pieces the healthier their consumption

A choice architectural experiment in behavioural nutrition

Pelle Guldborg Hansen, Katrine Lund Skov, Karsten Schmidt, Laurits Rhoden Skov, Bent Egebjerg Mikkelsen, Federico Jose Armando Pérez-Cueto

    Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference abstract for conferenceResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Unhealthy dietary habits influence individual and societal well-being, since they are associated with the rise of chronic non transmissible diseases worldwide. Although several campaigns promoting healthier lifestyles have been implemented in Northern Europe, and consequently people are more conscious about nutritional recommendations, low intake of fruit and vegetables remains an issue in Scandinavia, calling for innovative ways of intervention. The aim of this pilot study was to investigate the influence of the portion sizes on the consumption levels of apples and cakes presented during the snack breaks. The hypothesis was that consumers could be nudged to healthier food choices by improving accessibility to sliced apples and make a “healthier” cake portion (small) the default. The sample consisted of 391 people attending a congress in Copenhagen, Denmark. People were divided in two groups for snacking during breaks, and were informed that this was for logistic reasons. Two snack tables were set up, one with normal sized pieces of cake (usual sizes provided by the caterer) as well as whole apples (control N=189), and a table with halved pieces of cake as well as apples served in quarter pieces (intervention (N=202). Four students did observation using electronic counting system. Outcome was measured in quantity of cake and apples consumed. Total consumption of cake was 30.2% lower per person and apple consumption was higher by 83.9% per person in the intervention site when compared to control. This pilot study supports the hypothesis that the presentation of snacks plays an important role in the consumption of fruit and cake among Danish adults. Further, it suggests that such approach could become a supportive tool set for achieving PHN objectives.
    Original languageEnglish
    Publication date2013
    Number of pages1
    Publication statusPublished - 2013
    Event20th International Congress of Nutrition - Granada Congress Centre, Granada, Spain
    Duration: 15 Sep 201320 Sep 2013
    http://www.icn2013.com/

    Conference

    Conference20th International Congress of Nutrition
    LocationGranada Congress Centre
    CountrySpain
    CityGranada
    Period15/09/201320/09/2013
    Internet address

    Bibliographical note

    Skov LR et al, THE SMALLER THE PIECE THE HEALTHIER CONSUMPTION – A CHOICE ARCHITECTURAL EXPERIMENT IN BEHAVIOURAL NUTRITION, Ann Nutr Metab 63(suppl1) 1754-1754 (2013)

    Keywords

    • Nudging
    • fruit and vegetables
    • snacks
    • healthy eating
    • consumer behaviour

    Cite this

    Hansen, P. G., Skov, K. L., Schmidt, K., Skov, L. R., Mikkelsen, B. E., & Pérez-Cueto , F. J. A. (2013). The smaller the pieces the healthier their consumption: A choice architectural experiment in behavioural nutrition. Abstract from 20th International Congress of Nutrition, Granada, Spain.
    Hansen, Pelle Guldborg ; Skov, Katrine Lund ; Schmidt, Karsten ; Skov, Laurits Rhoden ; Mikkelsen, Bent Egebjerg ; Pérez-Cueto , Federico Jose Armando. / The smaller the pieces the healthier their consumption : A choice architectural experiment in behavioural nutrition. Abstract from 20th International Congress of Nutrition, Granada, Spain.1 p.
    @conference{2ccb64a4277a49ed9289d9cb9ddc9f90,
    title = "The smaller the pieces the healthier their consumption: A choice architectural experiment in behavioural nutrition",
    abstract = "Unhealthy dietary habits influence individual and societal well-being, since they are associated with the rise of chronic non transmissible diseases worldwide. Although several campaigns promoting healthier lifestyles have been implemented in Northern Europe, and consequently people are more conscious about nutritional recommendations, low intake of fruit and vegetables remains an issue in Scandinavia, calling for innovative ways of intervention. The aim of this pilot study was to investigate the influence of the portion sizes on the consumption levels of apples and cakes presented during the snack breaks. The hypothesis was that consumers could be nudged to healthier food choices by improving accessibility to sliced apples and make a “healthier” cake portion (small) the default. The sample consisted of 391 people attending a congress in Copenhagen, Denmark. People were divided in two groups for snacking during breaks, and were informed that this was for logistic reasons. Two snack tables were set up, one with normal sized pieces of cake (usual sizes provided by the caterer) as well as whole apples (control N=189), and a table with halved pieces of cake as well as apples served in quarter pieces (intervention (N=202). Four students did observation using electronic counting system. Outcome was measured in quantity of cake and apples consumed. Total consumption of cake was 30.2{\%} lower per person and apple consumption was higher by 83.9{\%} per person in the intervention site when compared to control. This pilot study supports the hypothesis that the presentation of snacks plays an important role in the consumption of fruit and cake among Danish adults. Further, it suggests that such approach could become a supportive tool set for achieving PHN objectives.",
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    author = "Hansen, {Pelle Guldborg} and Skov, {Katrine Lund} and Karsten Schmidt and Skov, {Laurits Rhoden} and Mikkelsen, {Bent Egebjerg} and P{\'e}rez-Cueto, {Federico Jose Armando}",
    note = "Skov LR et al, THE SMALLER THE PIECE THE HEALTHIER CONSUMPTION – A CHOICE ARCHITECTURAL EXPERIMENT IN BEHAVIOURAL NUTRITION, Ann Nutr Metab 63(suppl1) 1754-1754 (2013) ; 20th International Congress of Nutrition ; Conference date: 15-09-2013 Through 20-09-2013",
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    Hansen, PG, Skov, KL, Schmidt, K, Skov, LR, Mikkelsen, BE & Pérez-Cueto , FJA 2013, 'The smaller the pieces the healthier their consumption: A choice architectural experiment in behavioural nutrition' 20th International Congress of Nutrition, Granada, Spain, 15/09/2013 - 20/09/2013, .

    The smaller the pieces the healthier their consumption : A choice architectural experiment in behavioural nutrition. / Hansen, Pelle Guldborg; Skov, Katrine Lund; Schmidt, Karsten; Skov, Laurits Rhoden; Mikkelsen, Bent Egebjerg; Pérez-Cueto , Federico Jose Armando.

    2013. Abstract from 20th International Congress of Nutrition, Granada, Spain.

    Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference abstract for conferenceResearchpeer-review

    TY - ABST

    T1 - The smaller the pieces the healthier their consumption

    T2 - A choice architectural experiment in behavioural nutrition

    AU - Hansen, Pelle Guldborg

    AU - Skov, Katrine Lund

    AU - Schmidt, Karsten

    AU - Skov, Laurits Rhoden

    AU - Mikkelsen, Bent Egebjerg

    AU - Pérez-Cueto , Federico Jose Armando

    N1 - Skov LR et al, THE SMALLER THE PIECE THE HEALTHIER CONSUMPTION – A CHOICE ARCHITECTURAL EXPERIMENT IN BEHAVIOURAL NUTRITION, Ann Nutr Metab 63(suppl1) 1754-1754 (2013)

    PY - 2013

    Y1 - 2013

    N2 - Unhealthy dietary habits influence individual and societal well-being, since they are associated with the rise of chronic non transmissible diseases worldwide. Although several campaigns promoting healthier lifestyles have been implemented in Northern Europe, and consequently people are more conscious about nutritional recommendations, low intake of fruit and vegetables remains an issue in Scandinavia, calling for innovative ways of intervention. The aim of this pilot study was to investigate the influence of the portion sizes on the consumption levels of apples and cakes presented during the snack breaks. The hypothesis was that consumers could be nudged to healthier food choices by improving accessibility to sliced apples and make a “healthier” cake portion (small) the default. The sample consisted of 391 people attending a congress in Copenhagen, Denmark. People were divided in two groups for snacking during breaks, and were informed that this was for logistic reasons. Two snack tables were set up, one with normal sized pieces of cake (usual sizes provided by the caterer) as well as whole apples (control N=189), and a table with halved pieces of cake as well as apples served in quarter pieces (intervention (N=202). Four students did observation using electronic counting system. Outcome was measured in quantity of cake and apples consumed. Total consumption of cake was 30.2% lower per person and apple consumption was higher by 83.9% per person in the intervention site when compared to control. This pilot study supports the hypothesis that the presentation of snacks plays an important role in the consumption of fruit and cake among Danish adults. Further, it suggests that such approach could become a supportive tool set for achieving PHN objectives.

    AB - Unhealthy dietary habits influence individual and societal well-being, since they are associated with the rise of chronic non transmissible diseases worldwide. Although several campaigns promoting healthier lifestyles have been implemented in Northern Europe, and consequently people are more conscious about nutritional recommendations, low intake of fruit and vegetables remains an issue in Scandinavia, calling for innovative ways of intervention. The aim of this pilot study was to investigate the influence of the portion sizes on the consumption levels of apples and cakes presented during the snack breaks. The hypothesis was that consumers could be nudged to healthier food choices by improving accessibility to sliced apples and make a “healthier” cake portion (small) the default. The sample consisted of 391 people attending a congress in Copenhagen, Denmark. People were divided in two groups for snacking during breaks, and were informed that this was for logistic reasons. Two snack tables were set up, one with normal sized pieces of cake (usual sizes provided by the caterer) as well as whole apples (control N=189), and a table with halved pieces of cake as well as apples served in quarter pieces (intervention (N=202). Four students did observation using electronic counting system. Outcome was measured in quantity of cake and apples consumed. Total consumption of cake was 30.2% lower per person and apple consumption was higher by 83.9% per person in the intervention site when compared to control. This pilot study supports the hypothesis that the presentation of snacks plays an important role in the consumption of fruit and cake among Danish adults. Further, it suggests that such approach could become a supportive tool set for achieving PHN objectives.

    KW - Nudging

    KW - fruit and vegetables

    KW - snacks

    KW - healthy eating

    KW - consumer behaviour

    M3 - Conference abstract for conference

    ER -

    Hansen PG, Skov KL, Schmidt K, Skov LR, Mikkelsen BE, Pérez-Cueto FJA. The smaller the pieces the healthier their consumption: A choice architectural experiment in behavioural nutrition. 2013. Abstract from 20th International Congress of Nutrition, Granada, Spain.