The effect of 4-tert-butylpyridine and Li+ on the thermal degradation of TiO2 – bound ruthenium dye N719

Nguyen Tuyet Phuong, Poul Erik Hansen, Torben Lund

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterResearch

Abstract

The ruthenium dyes N719, Z907 and C106 with the general structures [RuLL’(NCS)2)] degrade slowly at elevated temperatures (t > 80 ˚C) on the surface of nano-sized TiO2 particles. The degradation takes place by reversible nucleophilic substitution reactions in which one of the thiocyanate ligands is replaced with either the nitrogen additive, e.g. 4-tert-butylpyridine (4-TBP) , or the solvent, e.g. 3-methoxypropionitrile (3-MPN) (eqs. (1)-(3)) [1-3].
In this work, we show that the degradation process of [RuLL´(NCS)2] and the inherent kinetics are highly dependent on the composition of the liquid electrolyte. Various electrolyte compositions with varying concentrations of 4-TBP, Li+ ions and I3- were investigated and their effects on the kinetics of N719-degradation reactions as well as the profile of N719-degradation products were studied.
Thermal stability experiments were performed at 100 ºC and are based on simple test-tube experiments carried out in colloidal solutions of N719-loaded TiO2 particles (TiO2|N719). The dye degradation was followed by the use of HPLC-coupled electrospray mass spectrometry and investigations of the formation of complexes between Li+ ions and 4-TBP was analyzed by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. The aim of this work was to better understand the limited thermal stability of RuLL´(NCS)2 dyes in DSC devices prepared with liquid electrolytes so-called “non-robust” electrolytes and to be able to optimize the electrolyte.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date6 May 2012
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 6 May 2012
Event4th international Conference on Hybrid and Organic Photovoltaics - Uppsala, El Salvador
Duration: 6 May 20129 May 2012

Conference

Conference4th international Conference on Hybrid and Organic Photovoltaics
CountryEl Salvador
CityUppsala
Period06/05/201209/05/2012

Cite this

Phuong, N. T., Hansen, P. E., & Lund, T. (2012). The effect of 4-tert-butylpyridine and Li+ on the thermal degradation of TiO2 – bound ruthenium dye N719. Poster session presented at 4th international Conference on Hybrid and Organic Photovoltaics , Uppsala, El Salvador.
Phuong, Nguyen Tuyet ; Hansen, Poul Erik ; Lund, Torben. / The effect of 4-tert-butylpyridine and Li+ on the thermal degradation of TiO2 – bound ruthenium dye N719. Poster session presented at 4th international Conference on Hybrid and Organic Photovoltaics , Uppsala, El Salvador.1 p.
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abstract = "The ruthenium dyes N719, Z907 and C106 with the general structures [RuLL’(NCS)2)] degrade slowly at elevated temperatures (t > 80 ˚C) on the surface of nano-sized TiO2 particles. The degradation takes place by reversible nucleophilic substitution reactions in which one of the thiocyanate ligands is replaced with either the nitrogen additive, e.g. 4-tert-butylpyridine (4-TBP) , or the solvent, e.g. 3-methoxypropionitrile (3-MPN) (eqs. (1)-(3)) [1-3]. In this work, we show that the degradation process of [RuLL´(NCS)2] and the inherent kinetics are highly dependent on the composition of the liquid electrolyte. Various electrolyte compositions with varying concentrations of 4-TBP, Li+ ions and I3- were investigated and their effects on the kinetics of N719-degradation reactions as well as the profile of N719-degradation products were studied. Thermal stability experiments were performed at 100 ºC and are based on simple test-tube experiments carried out in colloidal solutions of N719-loaded TiO2 particles (TiO2|N719). The dye degradation was followed by the use of HPLC-coupled electrospray mass spectrometry and investigations of the formation of complexes between Li+ ions and 4-TBP was analyzed by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. The aim of this work was to better understand the limited thermal stability of RuLL´(NCS)2 dyes in DSC devices prepared with liquid electrolytes so-called “non-robust” electrolytes and to be able to optimize the electrolyte.",
keywords = "Dye-sensitized solar cells",
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year = "2012",
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The effect of 4-tert-butylpyridine and Li+ on the thermal degradation of TiO2 – bound ruthenium dye N719. / Phuong, Nguyen Tuyet; Hansen, Poul Erik; Lund, Torben.

2012. Poster session presented at 4th international Conference on Hybrid and Organic Photovoltaics , Uppsala, El Salvador.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterResearch

TY - CONF

T1 - The effect of 4-tert-butylpyridine and Li+ on the thermal degradation of TiO2 – bound ruthenium dye N719

AU - Phuong, Nguyen Tuyet

AU - Hansen, Poul Erik

AU - Lund, Torben

PY - 2012/5/6

Y1 - 2012/5/6

N2 - The ruthenium dyes N719, Z907 and C106 with the general structures [RuLL’(NCS)2)] degrade slowly at elevated temperatures (t > 80 ˚C) on the surface of nano-sized TiO2 particles. The degradation takes place by reversible nucleophilic substitution reactions in which one of the thiocyanate ligands is replaced with either the nitrogen additive, e.g. 4-tert-butylpyridine (4-TBP) , or the solvent, e.g. 3-methoxypropionitrile (3-MPN) (eqs. (1)-(3)) [1-3]. In this work, we show that the degradation process of [RuLL´(NCS)2] and the inherent kinetics are highly dependent on the composition of the liquid electrolyte. Various electrolyte compositions with varying concentrations of 4-TBP, Li+ ions and I3- were investigated and their effects on the kinetics of N719-degradation reactions as well as the profile of N719-degradation products were studied. Thermal stability experiments were performed at 100 ºC and are based on simple test-tube experiments carried out in colloidal solutions of N719-loaded TiO2 particles (TiO2|N719). The dye degradation was followed by the use of HPLC-coupled electrospray mass spectrometry and investigations of the formation of complexes between Li+ ions and 4-TBP was analyzed by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. The aim of this work was to better understand the limited thermal stability of RuLL´(NCS)2 dyes in DSC devices prepared with liquid electrolytes so-called “non-robust” electrolytes and to be able to optimize the electrolyte.

AB - The ruthenium dyes N719, Z907 and C106 with the general structures [RuLL’(NCS)2)] degrade slowly at elevated temperatures (t > 80 ˚C) on the surface of nano-sized TiO2 particles. The degradation takes place by reversible nucleophilic substitution reactions in which one of the thiocyanate ligands is replaced with either the nitrogen additive, e.g. 4-tert-butylpyridine (4-TBP) , or the solvent, e.g. 3-methoxypropionitrile (3-MPN) (eqs. (1)-(3)) [1-3]. In this work, we show that the degradation process of [RuLL´(NCS)2] and the inherent kinetics are highly dependent on the composition of the liquid electrolyte. Various electrolyte compositions with varying concentrations of 4-TBP, Li+ ions and I3- were investigated and their effects on the kinetics of N719-degradation reactions as well as the profile of N719-degradation products were studied. Thermal stability experiments were performed at 100 ºC and are based on simple test-tube experiments carried out in colloidal solutions of N719-loaded TiO2 particles (TiO2|N719). The dye degradation was followed by the use of HPLC-coupled electrospray mass spectrometry and investigations of the formation of complexes between Li+ ions and 4-TBP was analyzed by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. The aim of this work was to better understand the limited thermal stability of RuLL´(NCS)2 dyes in DSC devices prepared with liquid electrolytes so-called “non-robust” electrolytes and to be able to optimize the electrolyte.

KW - Dye-sensitized solar cells

M3 - Poster

ER -

Phuong NT, Hansen PE, Lund T. The effect of 4-tert-butylpyridine and Li+ on the thermal degradation of TiO2 – bound ruthenium dye N719. 2012. Poster session presented at 4th international Conference on Hybrid and Organic Photovoltaics , Uppsala, El Salvador.