The dynamic bulk modulus of three glass-forming liquids

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Abstract

We present dynamic adiabatic bulk modulus data for three organic glass-forming liquids: two van der Waal's liquids, trimethyl-pentaphenyl-trisiloxane (DC705) and dibuthyl phtalate (DBP), and one hydrogen-bonded liquid, 1,2-propanediol (PD). All three liquids are found to obey time-temperature superposition within the uncertainty of the measurement in the adiabatic bulk modulus. The bulk modulus spectra are compared to the shear modulus spectra. The time scales of the two responses were found to be similar. The shapes of the shear and bulk modulus alpha loss peak are nearly identical for DBP and DC705, while the bulk modulus spectrum for PD is significantly broader than that of the shear modulus. The data further suggest that a “bulk modulus version of the shoving model” for the temperature dependence of the activation energy using the bulk modulus relaxation strength, ΔK(T), works well for DC705 and DBP, but not PD, while a formulation of the model using the high-frequency plateau value, K ∞(T), gave a poor result for all three liquids.
Original languageEnglish
Article number244508
JournalThe Journal of Chemical Physics
Volume140
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
ISSN0021-9606
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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