Synchrotron radiation linear dichroism (SRLD) investigation of the electronic transitions of quinizarin, chrysazin, and anthrarufin

Duy Duc Nguyen, Nykola Clare Jones, Søren Vrønning Hoffmann, Jens Spanget-Larsen

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The electronic transitions of the three α,α'-dihydroxy derivatives of anthraquinone, 1,4‑dihydroxy‑, 1,8-dihydroxy-, and 1,5-dihydroxy-9,10-anthraquinone (quinizarin, chrysazin, and anthrarufin), were investigated by synchrotron radiation linear dichroism (SRLD) spectroscopy on samples aligned in stretched polyethylene. With synchrotron radiation, polarization data could be determined in the UV region up to ca. 58000 cm-1 (7.2 eV), which amounts to an extension by ca. 11000 cm-1 (1.4 eV) relative to the range accessible with a conventional light source. Throughout the investigated region (15000 - 58000 cm-1), essentially similar wavenumbers, intensities, and transition moment directions were determined for chrysazin and anthrarufin, while the spectrum of quinizarin deviated significantly. The results of time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) calculations were in good agreement with the experimental spectra, leading to the assignment of 10 electronic states for quinizarin, and 8 electronic states for chrysazin and anthrarufin. No evidence was found for contributions from different tautomeric or rotameric forms to the observed spectra.
Original languageEnglish
JournalSpectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)279-286
Publication statusPublished - 2010


  • Hydroxy-anthraquinones
  • Electronic transitions
  • Synchrotron radiation
  • Linear dichroism (LD)
  • Polarization directions
  • Transition moments
  • Time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT)

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