Symbolic Violence and Victimisation

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

Abstract

In Denmark and most Western countries the study of "psychological reactions" to trauma has been dominated by the diagnosis Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. The concept is also being widely imported by other countries, as well as integrated in folk-psychological discourses. Yet the use of the concept has been criticised for over-generalisations, as well as for disregarding culture and the embeddedness of psychological problems in situated societal processes.

The proposed paper is a contribution to this critique. It will draw on Bourdieu's concept of symbolic violence (1992). The concept connects the ways we understand and classify behavioural, emotional and cognitive processes, such as gendered practices, to social fields of practice, and points to the consequences of not doing so.

In order to develop the analysis of concrete difficulties victims experience Bourdieu's concept will be supplemented with concepts from a critical psychology of the subject such as situated personal perspectives and meanings as well as participation across contexts of action (Dreier 2008, Holzkamp 1995, Nissen 2005). In doing so, the analysis seeks not only to overcome existing problems in gender studies pointed to by MacNay (1999). It also undertakes a critical discussion of symbolic violence in the meanings given to victimisation and its aftermaths, as when conceptualised with the help of PTSD (e.g. may the use of concepts of this kind and the practices developed in relation to it constitute symbolic violence and contribute to victimisation?) Furthermore the analysis aims at unfolding an understanding of victimisation inclusive of connections between cultural/ societal practices, aspects of symbolic violence and lives of concrete subjects.

The discussion takes its point of departure in theoretical deliberations on the personal and social meanings of  "trauma" developed in an empirical research project on the aftermaths of victimisation through rape and other forms of sexualised coercion

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInter-Disciplinary.Net / Violence and the context of hostility
Number of pages12
Publication date2009
Publication statusPublished - 2009
EventViolence and the Context of Hostility - Budapest, Hungary
Duration: 4 May 20097 May 2009

Conference

ConferenceViolence and the Context of Hostility
CountryHungary
CityBudapest
Period04/05/200907/05/2009

Keywords

  • Symbolic violence
  • critical psychology
  • rape
  • sexualised coercion
  • diversity
  • situatedness

Cite this

Pedersen, B. M. (2009). Symbolic Violence and Victimisation. In Inter-Disciplinary.Net / Violence and the context of hostility
Pedersen, Bodil Maria. / Symbolic Violence and Victimisation. Inter-Disciplinary.Net / Violence and the context of hostility. 2009.
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Pedersen, BM 2009, Symbolic Violence and Victimisation. in Inter-Disciplinary.Net / Violence and the context of hostility., Budapest, Hungary, 04/05/2009.

Symbolic Violence and Victimisation. / Pedersen, Bodil Maria.

Inter-Disciplinary.Net / Violence and the context of hostility. 2009.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

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KW - critical psychology

KW - rape

KW - sexualised coercion

KW - diversity

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M3 - Article in proceedings

BT - Inter-Disciplinary.Net / Violence and the context of hostility

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Pedersen BM. Symbolic Violence and Victimisation. In Inter-Disciplinary.Net / Violence and the context of hostility. 2009