Success factors for OSH implementation: Opening the black box of OSH realization

Gerard Zwetsloot, Britta Schmitt-Howe*, Klaus T. Nielsen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Economic, technological and demographic developments like globalization, digitalization and aging of European population impact on organizations, work processes and work organization. They influence OSH implementation and performance in almost every organization, large, medium, small or self-employed. Creating and ensuring good OSH has become much more complex within these new contexts than before. Whether OSH implementation will be successful depends on mechanisms, the characteristics of organizations and their context. Successes with technical prevention are no guarantee for successes in dealing with psychosocial risks. A variety of OSH strategies is needed and has to consider key organizational characteristics like prevention culture. This discussion paper concisely summarizes and combines the results of five studies, three national (Sweden, Denmark, Germany) and two European studies that were presented and discussed in a workshop about prevention cultures and OSH interventions which was organized by the authors during the ninth Working on Safety conference in Prague (2017). OSH implementation and performance has to match the current developments in micro firms as well as in bigger companies. Besides important elements of successful strategies for OSH implementation, limitations and remaining challenges for research, policy and practice will be pointed out.
Translated title of the contributionSuccesfaktorer ved implementering af arbejdsmiljøtiltag
Original languageEnglish
JournalPolicy and Practice in Health and Safety
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)196-210
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • OSH Strategies
  • Prevention culture
  • context-mechanism interactions
  • SME and micro enterprises
  • Self-employed

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