Social Entrepreneurship and Social Enterprises in the Nordics: Narratives Emerging From Social Movements and Welfare Dynamics

Linda Lundgaard Andersen, Malin Gawell, Roger Spear

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Migrant women gradually stepping into their new society and the labour
market in their new countries via ethnic catering in the form of a social
enterprise; homeless men employed to take care of bees producing honey for
sale to the public; young people on the edge getting microcredit funding to
start social businesses; men and women with long-term sickness/incapacity
gradually developing labour market skills via co-operatives in gardening; or
former criminals joining forces to create social and economic structures for
an honest lifestyle. These initiatives capture the transformative power of social entrepreneurship and might indicate how social enterprises have the potential to make a difference for people and societies. Social entrepreneurship has emerged strongly on the international scene and often serves as a vehicle for the provision of welfare services involving powerful and often-conflicting values
of public utility, participation and volunteerism. The Nordic countries represent an interesting case of the history and development of social entrepreneurship and social enterprises. In the early days of the welfare state, civil society and more specifically, so-called popular mass movements such as the labour movement and co-operatives played a significant part in paving the way for the Nordic solidaristic welfare state.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSocial Entrepreneurship and Social Enterprises : Nordic Perspectives
EditorsLinda Lundgaard Andersen, Malin Gawell, Roger Spear
Number of pages20
Place of PublicationLondon
Publication date2016
ISBN (Print)978-1-138-65626-0
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-315-62198-2
Publication statusPublished - 2016
SeriesRoutledge Studies in Social Enterprise & Social Innovation

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