Plastic debris and microplastics along the beaches of the Strait of Hormuz, Persian Gulf

Abolfazl Naji , Zinat Esmaili, Farhan Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Currently little is known about the prevalence of plastics and microplastics (MPs) in the Persian Gulf. Five sampling stations were selected along the Strait of Hormuz (Iran) that exhibited different levels of industrialization and urbanization, and included a marine protected area. Debris was observed and sediments were collected for MPs extraction via fluidization/floatation methodology. The order of MP abundance (par/kg) generally reflected the level of anthropogenic activity: Bostanu (1258 ± 291) > Gorsozan (122 ± 23) > Khor-e-Yekshabeh (26 ± 6) > Suru (14 ± 4) > Khor-e-Azini (2 ± 1). Across all sites fibers dominated (83%, 11% film, 6% fragments). FT-IR analysis showed polyethylene (PE), nylon, and PET (polyethylene terephthalate) were the commonly recovered polymers. Likely sources include beach debris, discarded fishing gear, and urban and industrial outflows that contain fibers from clothes. This study provides a ‘snapshot’ of MP pollution and longitudinal studies are required to fully understand plastic contamination in the region.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)1057-1062
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jan 2017


  • Plastic debris
  • microplastics
  • Sediment extraction
  • Iran
  • MP characteristics

Cite this