Personalised care funding in Norway: A case of gradual co-production

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review


In this chapter, using a case analysis of personal assistance in Norway, the author argues that it is fruitful to combine the concepts of personalisation and co-production. Co-production represents a stronger version of personalisation, but there are also different strengths of coproduction, implying gradual manifestations of user involvement and participation. Through exploring the history of the Norwegian personal assistance model, BPA, the chapter considers different interplays between personalisation and co-production. It concludes that there is the highest level of personalisation where the professionals are no longer directly involved because the users are self-organised. While this obviously is the future policy aim of some users, this will not be an option for others. The right to BPA will provide a future dividing line between those who possibly will be viewed as able to reach this self-organising level, and those for whom the welfare state will still be very important.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSocial Policy Review 28 : Analysis and debate in social policy, 2016
EditorsMenno Fenger, John Hudson, Catherine Needham
Place of PublicationBristol and Chicago
PublisherPolicy Press
Publication date2016
ISBN (Print)9781447331797
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Norway
  • Personalisation
  • Co-production
  • Personal assistance
  • Welfare state

Cite this

Christensen, K. (2016). Personalised care funding in Norway: A case of gradual co-production. In M. Fenger, J. Hudson, & C. Needham (Eds.), Social Policy Review 28: Analysis and debate in social policy, 2016 (pp. 233-249). Policy Press.