Origin of initial burst in activity for Trichoderma reesei endo-glucanases hydrolyzing insoluble cellulose

Leigh Murphy, Nicolaj Cruys-Bagger, Martin J. Baumann, Søren Nymand Olsen, Kim Borch, Søren Flensted Lassen, Matthew D. Sweeney, Hirosuke Tatsumi, Peter Westh

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The kinetics of cellulose hydrolysis have longbeen described by an initial fast hydrolysis rate, tapering rapidly off, leading to a process that takes days rather than hours to complete. This behavior has been mainly attributed to the action of cellobiohydrolases and often linked to the processive mechanism of this exo-acting group of enzymes. The initial kinetics of endo-glucanases (EGs) is far less investigated, partly due to a limited availability of quantitative assay technologies.Wehave used isothermal calorimetry to monitor the early time course of the hydrolysis of insoluble cellulose by the three main EGs from Trichoderma reesei (Tr): TrCel7B (formerly EG I), TrCel5A (EG II), and TrCel12A (EG III). These endo-glucanases show a distinctive initial burst with a maximal rate that is about 5-fold higher than the rate after 5 min of hydrolysis. The burst is particularly conspicuous for TrCel7B, which reaches a maximal turnover of about 20 s -1 at 30 °C and conducts about 1200 catalytic cycles per enzyme molecule in the initial fast phase. For TrCel5A and TrCel12A the extent of the burst is 2-300 cycles per enzyme molecule. The availability of continuous data on EG activity allows an analysis of the mechanisms underlying the initial kinetics, and it is suggested that the slowdown is linked to transient inactivation of enzyme on the cellulose surface. We propose, therefore, that the frequency of structures on the substrate surface that cause transient inactivation determine the extent of the burst phase.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume287
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)1252-1260
ISSN0021-9258
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jan 2012

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