Nordic Welfare States

Olli Kangas, Jon Kvist

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review


This chapter focuses on the principles, policies and outcomes in the Nordic welfare state. It introduces the goals of the Nordic model in terms of key principles like universality and inequality and describes how these principles were instigated in policies and what challenges they are said to confront in the 2010s. The chapter analyses policy outcomes in a number of central areas in a comparative perspective. It assesses these policy developments and welfare outcomes in view of current challenges in a discussion of the future for the Nordic welfare model in the Nordic countries as well as in other countries. The chapter presents the goals of the Nordic welfare model and the policies used to try to achieve these goals. It focuses on key concepts of inequality and social mobility on the side of goals and outcomes, concepts like universalism and generosity when setting out the policy side.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRoutledge Handbook of the Welfare State
EditorsBent Greve
Number of pages13
Place of PublicationOxon
Publication date2019
ISBN (Print)978-1-138-63164-9
ISBN (Electronic)9781315207049
Publication statusPublished - 2019
SeriesRoutledge International Handbooks

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