Two recent X-ray structures have tremendously increased the understanding of the sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA) and related proteins. Both structures show the fifth transmembrane span (M5) as a single continuous $-helix. The inherent structural and dynamic features of this span (Lys758-Glu785) were studied in isolation in sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) micelles using liquid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. We find that a flexible region (Ile765-Asn768) is interrupting the $-helix. The location of the flexible region near the Ca2+binding residues Asn768 and Glu771 suggests that together with a similar region in M6 it has a hinge function that may be important for cooperative Ca2+binding and occlusion. textcopyright 2003 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
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- Ca -ATPase 2+
- Fifth transmembrane segment M5
- Membrane protein
- Nuclear magnetic resonance
- Sarcoplasmic reticulum
- Sodium dodecyl sulfate