New Insights into Using Lipid Based Suspensions for ‘Brick Dust’ Molecules: Case Study of Nilotinib

Niklas J Koehl, René Holm, Martin Kuentz, Brendan T Griffin

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Purpose
Lipid suspensions have been shown to be a suitable bio-enabling formulation approach for highly lipophilic or ‘grease ball’ drug molecules, but studies on ‘brick dust’ drugs are lacking. This study explored the utility of lipid suspensions for enhancing oral bioavailability of the rather hydrophobic drug nilotinib in vivo in rats.

Methods
Four lipid suspensions were developed containing long chain triglycerides, medium chain triglyceride, long chain monoglycerides and medium chain monoglycerides and in vivo bioavailability was compared to an aqueous suspension. Additionally, in vitro lipolysis and wettability tests were conducted.

Results
Nilotinib lipid suspensions did not show a bioavailability increase compared to an aqueous suspension. The bioavailability was lower for triglyceride suspensions, relative to both monoglyceride and an aqueous suspension. The long chain monoglyceride displayed a significantly higher bioavailability relative to triglycerides. In vitro lipolysis results suggested entrapment of nilotinib crystals within poorly dispersible triglycerides, leading to slower nilotinib release and absorption. This was further supported by higher wettability of nilotinib by lipids.

Conclusion
Monoglycerides improved oral bioavailability of nilotinib in rats, relative to triglycerides. For ‘brick dust’ drugs formulated as lipid suspensions, poorly dispersible formulations may delay the release of drug crystals from the formulation leading to reduced absorption.
Original languageDanish
Article number56
JournalPharmaceutical Research
Volume36
Issue number4
ISSN0724-8741
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • bio-enabling formulation
  • brick dust
  • lipid suspension
  • lipid based formulation
  • nilotinib

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