n-3 PUFA biosynthesis by the copepod Apocyclops royi documented using fatty acid profile analysis and gene expression analysis

Bolette Lykke Holm Nielsen, Louise Gøtterup, Tue Sparholt Jørgensen, Benni Winding Hansen, Lars Hestbjerg Hansen, John Mortensen, Per Meyer Jepsen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The cyclopoid copepod Apocyclops royi (Lindberg 1940) is one of two dominant mesozooplankton species in brackish Taiwanese aquaculture ponds. Periodically low n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) content in seston could potentially be a limiting factor for zooplankton diversity. Apocyclops royi’s potential ability to biosynthesize n-3 PUFA was investigated through a short-term feeding experiment on four species of microalgae. Furthermore, we analyzed the expression of genes encoding putative fatty acid elongase (ELO) and desaturase (FAD) enzymes in A. royi on long-term diets of the PUFA-poor Dunaliella tertiolecta and the PUFA-rich Isochrysis galbana. The copepods exhibited high contents of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, C22:6n-3) (>20% of total fatty acid) even when DHA-starved for two generations, and no significant differences were found in absolute DHA content between treatments. Transcripts correlating to the four enzymes Elovl4, Elovl5, Fad Δ5 and Fad Δ6 in the n-3 PUFA biosynthetic pathway were identified. Gene expression analysis revealed a significantly higher expression of two desaturases similar to Fad Δ6 in copepods fed PUFA-lacking algae compared to copepods fed algae with high PUFA content. These findings suggest a highly active n-3 PUFA biosynthesis and capability of DHA production in A. royi when fed low-PUFA diets.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberbio038331
JournalBiology Open
Volume2019
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages13
ISSN2046-6390
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Cite this

Nielsen, Bolette Lykke Holm ; Gøtterup, Louise ; Jørgensen, Tue Sparholt ; Hansen, Benni Winding ; Hansen, Lars Hestbjerg ; Mortensen, John ; Jepsen, Per Meyer. / n-3 PUFA biosynthesis by the copepod Apocyclops royi documented using fatty acid profile analysis and gene expression analysis. In: Biology Open. 2019 ; Vol. 2019, No. 8. pp. 1-12.
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title = "n-3 PUFA biosynthesis by the copepod Apocyclops royi documented using fatty acid profile analysis and gene expression analysis",
abstract = "The cyclopoid copepod Apocyclops royi (Lindberg 1940) is one of two dominant mesozooplankton species in brackish Taiwanese aquaculture ponds. Periodically low n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) content in seston could potentially be a limiting factor for zooplankton diversity. Apocyclops royi’s potential ability to biosynthesize n-3 PUFA was investigated through a short-term feeding experiment on four species of microalgae. Furthermore, we analyzed the expression of genes encoding putative fatty acid elongase (ELO) and desaturase (FAD) enzymes in A. royi on long-term diets of the PUFA-poor Dunaliella tertiolecta and the PUFA-rich Isochrysis galbana. The copepods exhibited high contents of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, C22:6n-3) (>20{\%} of total fatty acid) even when DHA-starved for two generations, and no significant differences were found in absolute DHA content between treatments. Transcripts correlating to the four enzymes Elovl4, Elovl5, Fad Δ5 and Fad Δ6 in the n-3 PUFA biosynthetic pathway were identified. Gene expression analysis revealed a significantly higher expression of two desaturases similar to Fad Δ6 in copepods fed PUFA-lacking algae compared to copepods fed algae with high PUFA content. These findings suggest a highly active n-3 PUFA biosynthesis and capability of DHA production in A. royi when fed low-PUFA diets.",
author = "Nielsen, {Bolette Lykke Holm} and Louise G{\o}tterup and J{\o}rgensen, {Tue Sparholt} and Hansen, {Benni Winding} and Hansen, {Lars Hestbjerg} and John Mortensen and Jepsen, {Per Meyer}",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1242/bio.038331",
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volume = "2019",
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n-3 PUFA biosynthesis by the copepod Apocyclops royi documented using fatty acid profile analysis and gene expression analysis. / Nielsen, Bolette Lykke Holm; Gøtterup, Louise; Jørgensen, Tue Sparholt; Hansen, Benni Winding; Hansen, Lars Hestbjerg; Mortensen, John; Jepsen, Per Meyer.

In: Biology Open, Vol. 2019, No. 8, bio038331, 2019, p. 1-12.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - n-3 PUFA biosynthesis by the copepod Apocyclops royi documented using fatty acid profile analysis and gene expression analysis

AU - Nielsen, Bolette Lykke Holm

AU - Gøtterup, Louise

AU - Jørgensen, Tue Sparholt

AU - Hansen, Benni Winding

AU - Hansen, Lars Hestbjerg

AU - Mortensen, John

AU - Jepsen, Per Meyer

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - The cyclopoid copepod Apocyclops royi (Lindberg 1940) is one of two dominant mesozooplankton species in brackish Taiwanese aquaculture ponds. Periodically low n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) content in seston could potentially be a limiting factor for zooplankton diversity. Apocyclops royi’s potential ability to biosynthesize n-3 PUFA was investigated through a short-term feeding experiment on four species of microalgae. Furthermore, we analyzed the expression of genes encoding putative fatty acid elongase (ELO) and desaturase (FAD) enzymes in A. royi on long-term diets of the PUFA-poor Dunaliella tertiolecta and the PUFA-rich Isochrysis galbana. The copepods exhibited high contents of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, C22:6n-3) (>20% of total fatty acid) even when DHA-starved for two generations, and no significant differences were found in absolute DHA content between treatments. Transcripts correlating to the four enzymes Elovl4, Elovl5, Fad Δ5 and Fad Δ6 in the n-3 PUFA biosynthetic pathway were identified. Gene expression analysis revealed a significantly higher expression of two desaturases similar to Fad Δ6 in copepods fed PUFA-lacking algae compared to copepods fed algae with high PUFA content. These findings suggest a highly active n-3 PUFA biosynthesis and capability of DHA production in A. royi when fed low-PUFA diets.

AB - The cyclopoid copepod Apocyclops royi (Lindberg 1940) is one of two dominant mesozooplankton species in brackish Taiwanese aquaculture ponds. Periodically low n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) content in seston could potentially be a limiting factor for zooplankton diversity. Apocyclops royi’s potential ability to biosynthesize n-3 PUFA was investigated through a short-term feeding experiment on four species of microalgae. Furthermore, we analyzed the expression of genes encoding putative fatty acid elongase (ELO) and desaturase (FAD) enzymes in A. royi on long-term diets of the PUFA-poor Dunaliella tertiolecta and the PUFA-rich Isochrysis galbana. The copepods exhibited high contents of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, C22:6n-3) (>20% of total fatty acid) even when DHA-starved for two generations, and no significant differences were found in absolute DHA content between treatments. Transcripts correlating to the four enzymes Elovl4, Elovl5, Fad Δ5 and Fad Δ6 in the n-3 PUFA biosynthetic pathway were identified. Gene expression analysis revealed a significantly higher expression of two desaturases similar to Fad Δ6 in copepods fed PUFA-lacking algae compared to copepods fed algae with high PUFA content. These findings suggest a highly active n-3 PUFA biosynthesis and capability of DHA production in A. royi when fed low-PUFA diets.

U2 - 10.1242/bio.038331

DO - 10.1242/bio.038331

M3 - Journal article

VL - 2019

SP - 1

EP - 12

JO - Biology Open

JF - Biology Open

SN - 2046-6390

IS - 8

M1 - bio038331

ER -