Marine litter: One of the major threats for marine mammals: Outcomes from the European Cetacean Society workshop

Cristina Panti, Matteo Baini, Amy Lusher, Gema Hernandez-Milan, Elisa L. Bravo Rebolledo, Bianca Unger, Kristian Syberg, Mark P. Simmonds, Maria Cristina Fossi

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Marine litter is a pollution problem affecting thousands of marine species in all the world's seas and oceans. Marine litter, in particular plastic, has negative impacts on marine wildlife primarily due to ingestion and entanglement. Since most marine mammal species negatively interact with marine litter, a first workshop under the framework of the European Cetacean Society Conference, was held in 2017 to bring together the main experts on the topic of marine mammals and marine litter from academic and research institutes, non-governmental organisations, foundations and International Agreements. The workshop was devoted to defining the impact of marine litter on marine mammals by reviewing current knowledge, methodological advances and new data available on this emerging issue. Some case studies were also presented from European waters, such as seals and cetaceans in the North, Baltic, and Mediterranean Seas. Here, we report the main findings of the workshop, including a discussion on the research needs, the main methodological gaps, an overview of new techniques for detecting the effects of marine litter (including microplastics) on marine mammals and, also, the use of citizen science to drive awareness. The final recommendations aim to establish priority research, to define harmonised methods to detect marine litter and microplastics, enforce networking among institutions and support data sharing. The information gathered will enhance awareness and communication between scientists, young people, citizens, other stakeholders and policy makers, and thereby facilitate better implementation of international directives (e.g., the Marine Strategy Framework Directive) in order to answer the question about the actual status of our oceans and finding solutions.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Volume247
Pages (from-to)72-79
Number of pages8
ISSN0269-7491
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Marine debris
  • Plastics
  • Microplastics
  • Whales
  • Dolphins
  • Cetaceans
  • Seals

Cite this

Panti, C., Baini, M., Lusher, A., Hernandez-Milan, G., L. Bravo Rebolledo, E., Unger, B., ... Fossi, M. C. (2019). Marine litter: One of the major threats for marine mammals: Outcomes from the European Cetacean Society workshop. Environmental Pollution, 247, 72-79. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2019.01.029
Panti, Cristina ; Baini, Matteo ; Lusher, Amy ; Hernandez-Milan, Gema ; L. Bravo Rebolledo, Elisa ; Unger, Bianca ; Syberg, Kristian ; P. Simmonds, Mark ; Fossi, Maria Cristina . / Marine litter: One of the major threats for marine mammals : Outcomes from the European Cetacean Society workshop. In: Environmental Pollution. 2019 ; Vol. 247. pp. 72-79.
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abstract = "Marine litter is a pollution problem affecting thousands of marine species in all the world's seas and oceans. Marine litter, in particular plastic, has negative impacts on marine wildlife primarily due to ingestion and entanglement. Since most marine mammal species negatively interact with marine litter, a first workshop under the framework of the European Cetacean Society Conference, was held in 2017 to bring together the main experts on the topic of marine mammals and marine litter from academic and research institutes, non-governmental organisations, foundations and International Agreements. The workshop was devoted to defining the impact of marine litter on marine mammals by reviewing current knowledge, methodological advances and new data available on this emerging issue. Some case studies were also presented from European waters, such as seals and cetaceans in the North, Baltic, and Mediterranean Seas. Here, we report the main findings of the workshop, including a discussion on the research needs, the main methodological gaps, an overview of new techniques for detecting the effects of marine litter (including microplastics) on marine mammals and, also, the use of citizen science to drive awareness. The final recommendations aim to establish priority research, to define harmonised methods to detect marine litter and microplastics, enforce networking among institutions and support data sharing. The information gathered will enhance awareness and communication between scientists, young people, citizens, other stakeholders and policy makers, and thereby facilitate better implementation of international directives (e.g., the Marine Strategy Framework Directive) in order to answer the question about the actual status of our oceans and finding solutions.",
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Panti, C, Baini, M, Lusher, A, Hernandez-Milan, G, L. Bravo Rebolledo, E, Unger, B, Syberg, K, P. Simmonds, M & Fossi, MC 2019, 'Marine litter: One of the major threats for marine mammals: Outcomes from the European Cetacean Society workshop' Environmental Pollution, vol. 247, pp. 72-79. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2019.01.029

Marine litter: One of the major threats for marine mammals : Outcomes from the European Cetacean Society workshop. / Panti, Cristina ; Baini, Matteo ; Lusher, Amy; Hernandez-Milan, Gema ; L. Bravo Rebolledo, Elisa ; Unger, Bianca ; Syberg, Kristian; P. Simmonds, Mark ; Fossi, Maria Cristina .

In: Environmental Pollution, Vol. 247, 2019, p. 72-79.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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T2 - Outcomes from the European Cetacean Society workshop

AU - Panti, Cristina

AU - Baini, Matteo

AU - Lusher, Amy

AU - Hernandez-Milan, Gema

AU - L. Bravo Rebolledo, Elisa

AU - Unger, Bianca

AU - Syberg, Kristian

AU - P. Simmonds, Mark

AU - Fossi, Maria Cristina

PY - 2019

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N2 - Marine litter is a pollution problem affecting thousands of marine species in all the world's seas and oceans. Marine litter, in particular plastic, has negative impacts on marine wildlife primarily due to ingestion and entanglement. Since most marine mammal species negatively interact with marine litter, a first workshop under the framework of the European Cetacean Society Conference, was held in 2017 to bring together the main experts on the topic of marine mammals and marine litter from academic and research institutes, non-governmental organisations, foundations and International Agreements. The workshop was devoted to defining the impact of marine litter on marine mammals by reviewing current knowledge, methodological advances and new data available on this emerging issue. Some case studies were also presented from European waters, such as seals and cetaceans in the North, Baltic, and Mediterranean Seas. Here, we report the main findings of the workshop, including a discussion on the research needs, the main methodological gaps, an overview of new techniques for detecting the effects of marine litter (including microplastics) on marine mammals and, also, the use of citizen science to drive awareness. The final recommendations aim to establish priority research, to define harmonised methods to detect marine litter and microplastics, enforce networking among institutions and support data sharing. The information gathered will enhance awareness and communication between scientists, young people, citizens, other stakeholders and policy makers, and thereby facilitate better implementation of international directives (e.g., the Marine Strategy Framework Directive) in order to answer the question about the actual status of our oceans and finding solutions.

AB - Marine litter is a pollution problem affecting thousands of marine species in all the world's seas and oceans. Marine litter, in particular plastic, has negative impacts on marine wildlife primarily due to ingestion and entanglement. Since most marine mammal species negatively interact with marine litter, a first workshop under the framework of the European Cetacean Society Conference, was held in 2017 to bring together the main experts on the topic of marine mammals and marine litter from academic and research institutes, non-governmental organisations, foundations and International Agreements. The workshop was devoted to defining the impact of marine litter on marine mammals by reviewing current knowledge, methodological advances and new data available on this emerging issue. Some case studies were also presented from European waters, such as seals and cetaceans in the North, Baltic, and Mediterranean Seas. Here, we report the main findings of the workshop, including a discussion on the research needs, the main methodological gaps, an overview of new techniques for detecting the effects of marine litter (including microplastics) on marine mammals and, also, the use of citizen science to drive awareness. The final recommendations aim to establish priority research, to define harmonised methods to detect marine litter and microplastics, enforce networking among institutions and support data sharing. The information gathered will enhance awareness and communication between scientists, young people, citizens, other stakeholders and policy makers, and thereby facilitate better implementation of international directives (e.g., the Marine Strategy Framework Directive) in order to answer the question about the actual status of our oceans and finding solutions.

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KW - Plastics

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KW - Dolphins

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KW - Seals

KW - Marine debris

KW - Plastics

KW - Microplastics

KW - Whales

KW - Dolphins

KW - Cetaceans

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DO - 10.1016/j.envpol.2019.01.029

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