Living Labs for Public Sector Innovation: An Integrative Literature Review

Lars Fuglsang*, Anne Vorre Hansen, Ines Mergel, Maria Røhnebæk

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReviewpeer-review


The public administration literature and adjacent fields have devoted increasing attention to living labs as environments and structures enabling the co-creation of public sector innovation. However, living labs remain a somewhat elusive concept and phenomenon, and there is a lack of understanding of its versatile nature. To gain a deeper understanding of the multiple dimensions of living labs, this article provides a review assessing how the environments, methods and outcomes of living labs are addressed in the extant research literature. The findings are drawn together in a model synthesizing how living labs link to public sector innovation, followed by an outline of knowledge gaps and future research avenues.
Original languageEnglish
Article number58
JournalAdministrative Sciences
Issue number2
Number of pages19
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Co-creation
  • Living labs
  • Public innovation
  • Public value creation

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