Learning difficulties in matematics: What are their nature and origin and what can we do to counteract them?

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Around the world, more and more students are exposed to mathematics as a compulsory subject, also at rather advanced levels. Large numbers of students who work hard to come to grips with the subject experience severe difficulties at learning mathematics and get no real success out of their efforts. Many of them do well in other subjects, so their learning difficulties are not of a general nature. Over the last several decades, mathematics education research has made substantial progress in understanding the nature and characteristics of the learning of mathematics, and hence also of significant obstacles to mathematics learning. Less effort has been invested in utilising the insights thus gained to help students with learning difficulties in mathematics overcome or diminish their difficulties. This paper offers an account and an analysis of the nature and origins of learning difficulties in mathematics from a research perspective, and also presents a long-term research and development programme in Denmark focusing on enabling practicing mathematics teachers to become so-called "maths counsellors" who can help reduce or remove upper secondary (high school) students’ learning difficulties in mathematics. This programme also offers a unique way of making research an integrated and efficient instrument for teachers’ everyday practice.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCuadernos de Investigación y Formación en Educación Matemática
Issue numberJulio 2018
Pages (from-to)127-140
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2018
EventII Congreso de Educación Matemática de America Central y El Caribe - Universidad del Valle, Cali, Colombia
Duration: 29 Nov 20171 Dec 2017
Conference number: 2


ConferenceII Congreso de Educación Matemática de America Central y El Caribe
LocationUniversidad del Valle

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