Coexistence of Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg, 1793) and blue mussels Mytilus edulis Linnaeus, 1758 on a sheltered intertidal bivalve bed?

Mark Wejlemann Holm, Jens Davids, Esbern Holmes, Per Dolmer, Thomas Theis Nielsen, Bent Vismann, Benni Winding Hansen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The invasive Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas Thunberg, 1793 was introduced in Denmark for aquaculture in the 1970s. Presently, feral populations are found in many parts of the country, with the largest populations established on existing beds of blue mussel, Mytilus edulis Linnaeus, 1758. This study was conducted in the Limfjord estuary, at Agger Tange, where C. gigas was introduced in 1972. The study site is a large cluster of raised intertidal bivalve beds inhabited by C. gigas and M. edulis in a sheltered part of the estuary. The two bivalves have some of the same living requirements, and as C. gigas have been present in the ecosystem for more than 40 years, we hypothesize that the presence of C. gigas has altered the spatial and temporal distribution of M. edulis by inducing a niche separation. The spatiotemporal development of the bivalve bed was determined using orthophotos. C. gigas and M. edulis were collected from the bivalve bed, shell lengths were converted into biomass, which were interpolated to create biomass contours and combined with modelled topography of the bivalve bed to study niche separation. The bivalve bed slowly extended northwards over a period of 11 years, where it also became more fragmented. The northern part of the bed was composed of mussel mats on top of soft sediment. This area was dominated by M. edulis, while areas in the south were dominated by C. gigas. In the southern part, the bivalve bed was composed of thick and compact sediment suggesting it represent the oldest part of the bivalve bed. There were no differences in the conditions of C. gigas and M. edulis from old or newly established areas, and there were no difference in the vertical distributions of the bivalve species. Thus, spatial and temporal separation of the two species is not pronounced at present, and thus unable to explain why they seemingly coexist
Original languageEnglish
JournalAquatic Invasions
Volume11
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)155-165
Number of pages11
ISSN1798-6540
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 May 2016

Keywords

  • niche separation
  • bioinvasion
  • succession
  • Condition index
  • bivalve bed dynamics

Cite this

@article{168f7f12e7d04ba4a8c9fa3f99b29e6d,
title = "Coexistence of Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg, 1793) and blue mussels Mytilus edulis Linnaeus, 1758 on a sheltered intertidal bivalve bed?",
abstract = "The invasive Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas Thunberg, 1793 was introduced in Denmark for aquaculture in the 1970s. Presently, feral populations are found in many parts of the country, with the largest populations established on existing beds of blue mussel, Mytilus edulis Linnaeus, 1758. This study was conducted in the Limfjord estuary, at Agger Tange, where C. gigas was introduced in 1972. The study site is a large cluster of raised intertidal bivalve beds inhabited by C. gigas and M. edulis in a sheltered part of the estuary. The two bivalves have some of the same living requirements, and as C. gigas have been present in the ecosystem for more than 40 years, we hypothesize that the presence of C. gigas has altered the spatial and temporal distribution of M. edulis by inducing a niche separation. The spatiotemporal development of the bivalve bed was determined using orthophotos. C. gigas and M. edulis were collected from the bivalve bed, shell lengths were converted into biomass, which were interpolated to create biomass contours and combined with modelled topography of the bivalve bed to study niche separation. The bivalve bed slowly extended northwards over a period of 11 years, where it also became more fragmented. The northern part of the bed was composed of mussel mats on top of soft sediment. This area was dominated by M. edulis, while areas in the south were dominated by C. gigas. In the southern part, the bivalve bed was composed of thick and compact sediment suggesting it represent the oldest part of the bivalve bed. There were no differences in the conditions of C. gigas and M. edulis from old or newly established areas, and there were no difference in the vertical distributions of the bivalve species. Thus, spatial and temporal separation of the two species is not pronounced at present, and thus unable to explain why they seemingly coexist",
keywords = "niche separation , bioinvasion, succession, Condition index, bivalve bed dynamics, niche separation , bioinvasion, succession, Condition index, bivalve bed dynamics",
author = "Holm, {Mark Wejlemann} and Jens Davids and Esbern Holmes and Per Dolmer and Nielsen, {Thomas Theis} and Bent Vismann and Hansen, {Benni Winding}",
year = "2016",
month = "5",
day = "8",
doi = "10.3391/ai.2016.11.2.05",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "155--165",
journal = "Aquatic Invasions",
issn = "1818-5487",
publisher = "Regional Euro-Asian Biological Invasions Centre",
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}

Coexistence of Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg, 1793) and blue mussels Mytilus edulis Linnaeus, 1758 on a sheltered intertidal bivalve bed? / Holm, Mark Wejlemann; Davids, Jens; Holmes, Esbern; Dolmer, Per; Nielsen, Thomas Theis; Vismann, Bent; Hansen, Benni Winding.

In: Aquatic Invasions, Vol. 11, No. 2, 08.05.2016, p. 155-165.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Coexistence of Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg, 1793) and blue mussels Mytilus edulis Linnaeus, 1758 on a sheltered intertidal bivalve bed?

AU - Holm, Mark Wejlemann

AU - Davids, Jens

AU - Holmes, Esbern

AU - Dolmer, Per

AU - Nielsen, Thomas Theis

AU - Vismann, Bent

AU - Hansen, Benni Winding

PY - 2016/5/8

Y1 - 2016/5/8

N2 - The invasive Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas Thunberg, 1793 was introduced in Denmark for aquaculture in the 1970s. Presently, feral populations are found in many parts of the country, with the largest populations established on existing beds of blue mussel, Mytilus edulis Linnaeus, 1758. This study was conducted in the Limfjord estuary, at Agger Tange, where C. gigas was introduced in 1972. The study site is a large cluster of raised intertidal bivalve beds inhabited by C. gigas and M. edulis in a sheltered part of the estuary. The two bivalves have some of the same living requirements, and as C. gigas have been present in the ecosystem for more than 40 years, we hypothesize that the presence of C. gigas has altered the spatial and temporal distribution of M. edulis by inducing a niche separation. The spatiotemporal development of the bivalve bed was determined using orthophotos. C. gigas and M. edulis were collected from the bivalve bed, shell lengths were converted into biomass, which were interpolated to create biomass contours and combined with modelled topography of the bivalve bed to study niche separation. The bivalve bed slowly extended northwards over a period of 11 years, where it also became more fragmented. The northern part of the bed was composed of mussel mats on top of soft sediment. This area was dominated by M. edulis, while areas in the south were dominated by C. gigas. In the southern part, the bivalve bed was composed of thick and compact sediment suggesting it represent the oldest part of the bivalve bed. There were no differences in the conditions of C. gigas and M. edulis from old or newly established areas, and there were no difference in the vertical distributions of the bivalve species. Thus, spatial and temporal separation of the two species is not pronounced at present, and thus unable to explain why they seemingly coexist

AB - The invasive Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas Thunberg, 1793 was introduced in Denmark for aquaculture in the 1970s. Presently, feral populations are found in many parts of the country, with the largest populations established on existing beds of blue mussel, Mytilus edulis Linnaeus, 1758. This study was conducted in the Limfjord estuary, at Agger Tange, where C. gigas was introduced in 1972. The study site is a large cluster of raised intertidal bivalve beds inhabited by C. gigas and M. edulis in a sheltered part of the estuary. The two bivalves have some of the same living requirements, and as C. gigas have been present in the ecosystem for more than 40 years, we hypothesize that the presence of C. gigas has altered the spatial and temporal distribution of M. edulis by inducing a niche separation. The spatiotemporal development of the bivalve bed was determined using orthophotos. C. gigas and M. edulis were collected from the bivalve bed, shell lengths were converted into biomass, which were interpolated to create biomass contours and combined with modelled topography of the bivalve bed to study niche separation. The bivalve bed slowly extended northwards over a period of 11 years, where it also became more fragmented. The northern part of the bed was composed of mussel mats on top of soft sediment. This area was dominated by M. edulis, while areas in the south were dominated by C. gigas. In the southern part, the bivalve bed was composed of thick and compact sediment suggesting it represent the oldest part of the bivalve bed. There were no differences in the conditions of C. gigas and M. edulis from old or newly established areas, and there were no difference in the vertical distributions of the bivalve species. Thus, spatial and temporal separation of the two species is not pronounced at present, and thus unable to explain why they seemingly coexist

KW - niche separation

KW - bioinvasion

KW - succession

KW - Condition index

KW - bivalve bed dynamics

KW - niche separation

KW - bioinvasion

KW - succession

KW - Condition index

KW - bivalve bed dynamics

U2 - 10.3391/ai.2016.11.2.05

DO - 10.3391/ai.2016.11.2.05

M3 - Journal article

VL - 11

SP - 155

EP - 165

JO - Aquatic Invasions

JF - Aquatic Invasions

SN - 1818-5487

IS - 2

ER -