Informal Opportunity among SMEs: An Empirical Study of Denmark’s Underground Economy

Shahamak Rezaei, Leo-Paul Dana, Marco Goli

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Based on interviews with (legal and illegal) immigrants to Denmark,
meetings with stakeholders and with experts in the field, this article addresses
issues regarding the underground economy. Our findings show that, in
Denmark, the existence of an underground economy makes it possible for
semi-compliant and non-compliant immigrants to make a living. We suggest
that the underground economy in Denmark will continue to provide networks
of illegal residents with opportunities for informal economic activities as trust
allows entrepreneurs to function below the radar, by owning enterprises
registered using the names of people who are legally in this country.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)64-76
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - 27 May 2013

Cite this