Framing the Newspaper Crisis: How debates on the state of the press are shaped in Finland, France, Germany, Italy, United Kingdom and United States

Michael Bruggemann, Edda Humprecht, Rasmus Kleis, Kari Karppinen, Alessio Cornia, Esser Frank

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


This article argues that discourses of a newspaper crisis should not be regarded simply as descriptions of the actual state of the press but also as a means by which strategic actors frame the situation. The emerging frames can have substantial consequences for media policy making. The study identifies four key frames used to portray the newspaper crisis and discusses their relevance for public debates in Finland, France, Germany, Italy, the United Kingdom and the United States. Similarities and differences are examined through 59 in-depth interviews with policymakers and industry executives as well as a qualitative analysis of policy documents and relevant media coverage. The study demonstrates that debates on the newspaper crisis are only partly influenced by (1) economic realities and (2) media policy traditions in the six countries but also reflect (3) the strategic motives of powerful actors and (4) the diffusion of frames across borders, particularly those coming from the United States. A transnationally uniform paradigm emerges according to which the state is expected to play the role of a benevolent but mostly passive bystander, while media companies are expected to tackle the problem mainly by developing innovative content and business strategies. This liberal market paradigm displays one blind spot however: it does not seriously consider a scenario where the market is failing to provide sustainable journalistic quality.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournalism Studies
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)533-551
Number of pages19
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • crisis
  • discourse
  • framing
  • journalism
  • media change
  • media policy
  • newspapers

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