There is growing interest in the transformation of third sector organizations into hybrid forms of organization. Researchers focus attention on some of the ‘hybridization’ processes that lead to the development of what is often recognized as a major new hybrid organization: the social enterprise. One of the most notable examples of this is the social cooperative model in Italy, which is “hybridized” in two respects: firstly in adopting a multi-stakeholder governance structure and secondly in terms of using multiple resources. We have also witnessed other hybrid forms of cooperatives develop over the years, particularly in the agricultural cooperatives sector, where we have seen changes (for example in voting rights) moving the form closer to that of private business. And in the consumer cooperatives and worker cooperatives sectors we have seen other patterns of hybridization. Sometimes this functions at the multi-organizational level, where we have seen the growth of holding structures when a cooperative grows and diversifies by developing a line of business which is a wholly owned subsidiary of the cooperative and uses a conventional company structure.
|Translated title of the contribution||Forms of cooperative hybrids|
|Journal||Revue Internationale de l'Economie Sociale|
|Publication status||Published - 2011|