Exploring Belonging and interconnections: Narratives from the Indian Diaspora

Rashmi Singla*, Sujata Sriram

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review


The Indian diaspora estimated at 17.5 million is one of the largest in the world (UN Report, 2019). Skilled Indians were invited to fill gaps in the labour market in Europe and the U.S.A. from the beginning of the second millennium. A psychosocial perspective on the Indian diaspora, from Denmark and the U.S.A, is the focus of this paper. The theoretical frameworks include diasporic subjective processes of dispersal, connectedness (Dufoix, 2008) and processes of multiple inclu-sion/exclusion and ambivalence about belonging (Kalra, 2005), along with the life-course perspective (Levy, 2005). Transnational linkages between India (desh) and the Indian diaspora abroad (videsh) are explored. The empirical cases (Singla, 2008; Singla, 2015; Sriram, 2014) are based on qualitative in-depth interviews with fami-lies and young people and diasporic couples in exogamous marriages. Some current transformations, especially related to digital interconnections are also included. The narratives indicate changing paradigms about India, multiple belongings, differen-tial engagement in the receiving society and India related to generational and couple formation patterns. There is a nuanced understanding of belongings and marginali-ties of Indian diasporics through multiple belongings involving “emotional citizen-ship”, ongoing negotiations at diverse levels, virtual interconnections and exclu-sion from various groups in the country of origin and the host country. Suggestions for promoting interconnections, communication and linkages between the Indian diaspora and India are delineated.
Keywords Indian diaspora ·Interconnections ·Multiple belongi
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationUnderstanding Psychology in the Context of Relationship, Community, Workplace and Culture
EditorsSurendra Kumar Sia , Lauren S. Crane , Ajay K. Jain, Shabana Bano
Place of PublicationSingapore
Publication date25 Aug 2022
Pages17- 36
ISBN (Print)9789811926921
ISBN (Electronic)9789811926938
Publication statusPublished - 25 Aug 2022


  • Indian diaspora
  • multicultural
  • interconnections
  • inclusion/ exclusion
  • marginalities,
  • promoting linkages in both settings

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