Climate change adaptability of cropping and farming systems for Europe: (Climate-CAFÉ project)

Eric Justes, Walter Rossing, Anthony Vermue, Johan Bahringer, Lucie Buchi, Georg Carlsson, Julie Constantin, Estela Garcia-Ponce , Helena Gomez-Macpherson , Marjoleine Hanegraaf , Henrik Hauggaard-Nielsen, Erik Steen Jensen, Chris J. Koopmans, Bruno Mary, Cecilia Palmborg , Hélène Raynal , Moritz Reckling , Robert M. Rees, Johannes M.S. Scholberg , Johan SixFred Stoddard, Kairsty Topp , Christine A. Watson, Magali Willaume , Peter Zander, Emilie Marie Øst Hansen, Clara Lizarazo

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference abstract for conferenceResearch


Introduction: Prospective studies showed that the European agriculture will be impacted by climate change (CC) with different effects depending on the geographic region. The ERA-Net+ project Climate-CAFE (call of FACCE-JPI) aims to improve the “adaptive capacity” of arable and forage based farming systems to CC through a gradient of adaptation strategies.

Methods: The adaptation strategies are evaluated at cropping and farming systems as well as regional levels for nine “Adaptation Pilots” along a North-South climate gradient in the EU. Three categories of strategies are evaluated: i) Resistance strategies that seek to maintain the status quo through management actions that reduce perturbations due to CC; ii) Resilience strategies requiring systemic adaptation at field and farm level for increasing the adaptive capacity after a climate disturbance; iii) Transformative strategies addressing needs and possibilities for re-configuration of cropping and farming systems. The strategy evaluation will reveal synergies and trade-offs among objectives and their indicators at different scales under GIEC climatic scenarios. Since adaptation is context-specific, the project is based on “Adaptation Pilots” and local networks of researchers, advisors and farmers, representative of regional cropping and farming systems. The proposed adaptation strategies are co-designed with stakeholders in “adaptation pilots” and are based on various levers such as: ecological intensification, novel rotations, alternative tillage options, and the inclusion of legumes and intercrops. Moreover, data from long-term experiments (SE, FI, UK, CH, FR and SP), expert technical and farmer knowledge, and simulation soil-crop (STICS, DAYCENT), farms and landscapes (MODAM, FarmDESIGN) are used to ex ante evaluate adaptation strategies and foster learning in participatory co-design workshops.

Results and expectations: The expected results of the Climate-CAFE on-going project will produce an overview of potential CC adaptation measures for selected sites across the EU, along with mutual learning experiences for improved understanding and acceptability of CC adaptation strategies among farmers and other stakeholders.
Translated title of the contributionEuropas landbrugs- og dyrkningsystsmers tilpasning til fremtidens klimaforandringer (Climate-CAFÈ projektet)
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2017
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event2nd Agriculture and Climate Change Conference: Climate ready resource use-efficient crops to sustain food and nutritional security - Meliá Sitges, Sitges, Spain
Duration: 26 Mar 201728 Mar 2017


Conference2nd Agriculture and Climate Change Conference
LocationMeliá Sitges
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