Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli

Nadia Boisen*, Karen A. Krogfelt, James P. Nataro

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC) are among the most prevalent enteric pathogens worldwide. The pathotype has been implicated in endemic diarrhea in both developing and industrialized populations, epidemic diarrhea, and traveler's diarrhea. A recent outbreak of Shiga toxin-producing EAEC adds a new dimension to the epidemiology of this pathotype. Although the pathogenesis of this pathotype is not fully understood, a number of putative virulence factors have been described. The aggregative adherence fimbriae (AAF) are mucosal adhesins that also elicit inflammatory responses from infected mucosal surfaces. Expression of AAF adhesins is induced by the transcriptional activator AggR, which activates expression of several other secreted, but as yet relatively cryptic, proteins. EAEC-induced histopathology includes exfoliation of enterocytes, which has been linked to the action of serine protease autotransporter toxins. Epidemiologic evidence supports a model of EAEC pathogenesis comprising the concerted action of multiple virulence factors.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEscherichia coli : Pathotypes and Principles of Pathogenesis: Second Edition
EditorsMichael S. Donnenberg
Number of pages27
PublisherAcademic Press
Publication date5 Aug 2013
Edition2
Pages247-273
ISBN (Print)9780123970480
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Aug 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Diarrhea
  • E. coli
  • Enteroaggregative
  • Traveler's diarrhea

Cite this