Empirical evidence for a four factor framework of personality disorder organization: multigroup confirmatory factor analysis of the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory - III Personality Disorder Scales across Belgian and Danish data samples

Gina Rossi, Ask Elklit, Erik Simonsen

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    The factor structure of the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III (Millon,
    Millon, Davis, & Grossman, 2006) personality disorder scales was
    analyzed using multigroup confirmatory factor analysis on data obtained
    from a Danish (N = 2030) and a Belgian (N = 1210) sample. Two-,
    three-, and four factor models, a priori specified using structures found
    by Dyce, O’Connor, Parkins, and Janzen (1997), were fitted to the data.
    The best fitting model was a four factor structure (RMSEA = .066, GFI =
    .98, CFI = .93) with partially invariant factor loadings. The robustness
    of this four-factor model clearly supports the efforts to organize future
    personality disorder description in a four-factor framework by corroborating
    four domains that were predominant in dimensional models
    (Widiger & Simonsen, 2005): Factor 1, 2, 3, and 4 respectively corresponded
    to emotional dysregulation versus stability, antagonism versus
    compliance, extraversion versus introversion, and constraint versus
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of Personality Disorders
    Issue number1
    Pages (from-to)128-150
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 2010

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