Considering historical developments, this article discusses the conditions that have impeded Egypt’s political actors to lead a democratic transition following the 2011 revolution. In this context, I argue that the failure of Egypt’s major political actors to effect a democratic transition post‐2011 revolution is largely due to the obstruction of Egypt’s actors before the revolution. This argument is based on a historical assessment of Egypt’s political actors’ development and engagement in opposition activities over two periods: post‐1952 military coup and post‐2011 revolution. The article suggests that a democratic transition in post‐revolution countries like Egypt, which did not achieve a decisive victory over authoritarianism, requires strong prodemocracy actors to face antidemocracy actors and lead a democratization process.
Bibliographical noteImportant note from the Publisher regarding the attached version of the article: This is the accepted version of the following article:
Shehata, M. (2018). Egypt’s Political Actors Post2011 Revolution: Incomplete Struggle for Democracy. Digest of Middle East Studies (Print), 27(2), 205–226. https://doi.org/10.1111/dome.12140, which has been published in final form at https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/dome.12140. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with the Wiley Self-Archiving Policy [https://authorservices.wiley.com/author-resources/Journal-Authors/licensing-open-access/open-access/self-archiving.html].